Étiquette : CB2 récepteur

Use of Medicinal Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabinoids in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : A Systematic Review, Laura Orsolini et al., 2019

Use of Medicinal Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabinoids in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : A Systematic Review Laura Orsolini, Stefania Chiappini, Umberto Volpe, Domenico De Berardis, Roberto Latini, Gabriele Duccio Papanti  and John Martin Corkery Medicina, 2019, 55, 525, 1-14 doi : 10.3390/medicina55090525 www.mdpi.com/journal/medicina Abstract : Background and Objectives : Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric disorder resulting from a traumatic event, is manifested through hyperarousal, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and sleep disturbances. Despite several therapeutic approaches being available, both pharmacological and psychological, recently a growing interest has developed in using cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids stems from their consideration as more efficient and better tolerated alternatives [...]

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In vitro and in vivo pharmacological activity of minor cannabinoids isolated from Cannabis sativa, Ayat Zagzoog et al., 2020

In vitro and in vivo pharmacological activity of minor cannabinoids isolated from Cannabis sativa Ayat Zagzoog, Kawthar A. Mohamed, Hye Ji J. Kim, Eunhyun D. Kim, Connor S. Frank, Tallan Black, Pramodkumar D. Jadhav, Larry A. Holbrook & Robert B. Laprairie Scientific Reports, www.nature.com, 2020, 10, 20405, 1-13. Doi : 10.1038/s41598-020-77175-y   The Cannabis sativa plant contains more than 120 cannabinoids. With the exceptions of Δ9-tetrahydro-cannabinol (Δ9-THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), comparatively little is known about the pharmacology of the less-abundant plant-derived (phyto) cannabinoids. The best-studied transducers of cannabinoid-dependent effects are type 1 and type 2 cannabinoid receptors (CB1R, CB2R). Partial agonism of CB1R by Δ9-THC is [...]

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CB2 Receptor Involvement in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders, Francisco Navarrete et al., 2021

CB2 Receptor Involvement in the Treatment of Substance Use Disorders Francisco Navarrete, María S. García-Gutiérrez, Ani Gasparyan, Daniela Navarro and Jorge Manzanares Biomolecules, 2021, 11, 1556, 1-18. Doi : 10.3390/biom11111556   Abstract The pharmacological modulation of the cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2r) has emerged as a promising potential therapeutic option in addiction. The purpose of this review was to determine the functional involvement of CB2r in the effects produced by drugs of abuse at the central nervous system (CNS) level by assessing evidence from preclinical and clinical studies. In rodents, several reports suggest the functional involvement of CB2r in the effects produced by drugs of abuse such [...]

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Cannabinoid CB2 Receptor Activation Attenuates Fentanyl-Induced Respiratory Depression, Carmen A. Zavala et al., 2021

Cannabinoid CB2 Receptor Activation Attenuates Fentanyl-Induced Respiratory Depression Carmen A. Zavala, Ana C. Thomaz, Vishakh Iyer, Ken Mackie, and Andrea G. Hohmann Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2021, Volume 6, Number 5, 389-400. DOI: 10.1089/can.2020.0059   Abstract Introduction : Overdose fatalities associated with the opioid epidemic are predictably attributable to druginduced respiratory depression. In terms of illicit opioid abuse, fentanyl is the synthetic opioid responsible for the largest number of overdose deaths. There is, therefore, an urgent need to identify safe and effective therapeutics that can attenuate fentanyl-induced respiratory depression. Identification of effective alternate analgesic strategies that lessen the respiratory depression associated with narcotics would also help [...]

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Cannabis and synaptic reprogramming of the developing brain, Anissa Bara et al., 2021

Cannabis and synaptic reprogramming of the developing brain Anissa Bara, Jacqueline- Marie N. Ferland, Gregory Rompala, Henrietta Szutorisz and Yasmin L. Hurd Nature Reviews | Neuroscience, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41583-021-00465-5 Abstract Recent years have been transformational in regard to the perception of the health risks and benefits of cannabis with increased acceptance of use. This has unintended neurodevelopmental implications given the increased use of cannabis and the potent levels of Δ9-​tetrahydrocannabinol today being consumed by pregnant women, young mothers and teens. In this Review, we provide an overview of the neurobiological effects of cannabinoid exposure during prenatal/perinatal and adolescent periods, in which the endogenous cannabinoid system plays [...]

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Absence of Entourage : Terpenoids Commonly Found in Cannabis sativa Do Not Modulate the Functional Activity of Δ9-THC at Human CB1 and CB2 Receptors, Marina Santiago et al., 2019

Absence of Entourage : Terpenoids Commonly Found in Cannabis sativa Do Not Modulate the Functional Activity of Δ9-THC at Human CB1 and CB2 Receptors Marina Santiago, Shivani C. Arnold, Iain S., McGregor and Mark Connor Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Vol. 4, No. 3 doi : 10.1089/can.2019.0016 Abstract Introduction: Compounds present in Cannabis sativa such as phytocannabinoids and terpenoids may act in concert to elicit therapeutic effects. Cannabinoids such as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) directly activate cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2); however, it is not known if terpenoids present in Cannabis also affect cannabinoid receptor signaling. Therefore, we examined six common terpenoids alone, [...]

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Clinical and Preclinical Evidence for Functional Interactions of Cannabidiol and Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, Douglas L Boggs et al., 2018

Clinical and Preclinical Evidence for Functional Interactions of Cannabidiol and Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Douglas L Boggs, Jacques D Nguyen, Daralyn Morgenson, Michael A Taffe and Mohini Ranganathan Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews, 2018, 43, 142–154. doi : 10.1038/npp.2017.209; The plant Cannabis sativa, commonly called cannabis or marijuana, has been used for its psychotropic and mind-altering side effects for millennia. There has been growing attention in recent years on its potential therapeutic efficacy as municipalities and legislative bodies in the United States, Canada, and other countries grapple with enacting policy to facilitate the use of cannabis or its constituents for medical purposes. There are 4550 chemical compounds and 4100 phytocannabinoids [...]

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How Cannabis-Based Therapeutics Could Help Fight COVID Inflammation, Liz Scherer, 2020

How Cannabis-Based Therapeutics Could Help Fight COVID Inflammation Liz Scherer Medscape.com, November 03, 2020   Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center. Plagued by false starts, a few dashed hopes, but with perhaps a glimmer of light on the horizon, the race to find an effective treatment for COVID-19 continues. At last count, more than 300 treatments and 200 vaccines were in preclinical or clinical development (not to mention the numerous existing agents that are being evaluated for repurposing). There is also a renewed interest in cannabinoid therapeutics — in particular, the nonpsychoactive agent cannabidiol (CBD) and the prospect of [...]

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Pharmacological evaluation of new constituents of “Spice”: synthetic cannabinoids based on indole, indazole, benzimidazole and carbazole scaffolds, Clara T. Schoeder et al., 2018

Pharmacological evaluation of new constituents of “Spice”: synthetic cannabinoids based on indole, indazole, benzimidazole and carbazole scaffolds Clara T. Schoeder, Cornelius Hess, Burkhard Madea, Jens Meiler, Christa E. Müller Forensic Toxicology, 2018, 36, 385-403. Doi : 10.1007/s11419-018-0415-z   Abstract Purpose : In the present study we characterized a series of synthetic cannabinoids containing various heterocyclic scaffolds that had been identified as constituents of “Spice”, a preparation sold on the illicit drug market. All compounds were further investigated as potential ligands of the orphan receptors GPR18 and GPR55 that interact with some cannabinoids. Methods : The compounds were studied in radioligand binding assays to determine their affinity for [...]

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5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats, Leonardo B.M. Resstel et al., 2009

5-HT1A receptors are involved in the cannabidiol-induced attenuation of behavioural and cardiovascular responses to acute restraint stress in rats Leonardo B.M. Resstel, Rodrigo F. Tavares, Sabrina F.S. Lisboa, Sâmia R.L. Joca, Fernando M.A. Corrêa and Francisco S. Guimarães British Journal of Pharmacology, 2009, 156, 181–188; doi : 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2008.00046.x Background and purpose : Cannabidiol (CBD) is a non-psychotomimetic compound from Cannabis sativa which induces anxiolytic- and antipsychotic-like effects in rodents. These effects could be mediated by facilitation of the endocannabinoid system or by the activation of 5-HT1A receptors. As either of these mechanisms could promote adaptation to inescapable stress, the aim of the present work [...]

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