Étiquette : anthropologie

A History of Drug Use : Mind-Altering Drugs in Social Context, Eric Shepperd, 2017

A History of Drug Use : Mind-Altering Drugs in Social Context Eric Shepperd January 21, 2017, 26 p.   It seems that an intrinsic property of consciousness is a desire to alter itself. The natural world is full of tools for changing the functioning of the mind, and both humans and nonhuman animals have used many different drugs throughout history. Some are derived directly from plant or animal sources, while others are refined extracts, or synthesized by purely chemical methods. Many of the drugs in use today are applied primarily for physiologically therapeutic purposes, while others have primarily psychological components, or a combination thereof. Psychoactive [...]

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Review of Sacred Knowledge : Psychedelics and Religious Experience, William A. Richards, 2016

Review of Sacred Knowledge : Psychedelics and Religious Experience William A. Richards New York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2016. 269 pp. ISBN 978-0-231-17406-0 $29.95 Reviewed by Michael J. Winkelman http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0040299   Abstract Reviews the book, Sacred knowledge: Psychedelics and religious experiences, by William A. Richards. Richards’s career of clinical research with psychedelics and professional formation in theology, comparative religion and the psychology of religion bring integrative perspectives to understanding psychedelic experiences. Clinical accounts, scientific research and his personal experiences with psychedelics enable Richards to address issues of core importance in religious studies, medicine and society in general. Clinical studies with psychedelics provide findings that contribute to assessment of [...]

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Ayahuasca, Psychedelic Studies and Health Sciences: The Politics of Knowledge and Inquiry into an Amazonian Plant Brew, Kenneth W. Tupper and Beatriz C. Labate, 2014

Ayahuasca, Psychedelic Studies and Health Sciences: The Politics of Knowledge and Inquiry into an Amazonian Plant Brew Kenneth W. Tupper, and Beatriz C. Labate Current Drug Abuse Reviews, 2014, 7, 71-80   Abstract : This article offers critical sociological and philosophical reflections on ayahuasca and other psychedelics as objects of research in medicine, health and human sciences. It situates 21st century scientific inquiry on ayahuasca in the broader context of how early modern European social trends and intellectual pursuits translated into new forms of empiricism and experimental philosophy, but later evolved into a form of dogmatism that convenienced the political suppression of academic inquiry into [...]

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« Heureusement qu’il y a l’herbe ! », Anne Coppel, Chimères, 2014

« Heureusement qu’il y a l’herbe ! » Anne Coppel ERES | « Chimères », 2014/1 N° 82 | pages 33 à 42 https://www.cairn.inforevue-chimeres-2014-1-page-33.htm « On ne trouve pas trace dans les livres, ni ailleurs, du nom de Govan- Eremetus, ni du pays d’Archaos où il régna, entre la fin des Temps- Barbares et le commencement des Temps-Barbares. Pourtant quelque chose manque là, à la fois dans le temps et dans l’espace. À ce tournant mal éclairé de l’histoire, il y a comme un trou, des événements postérieurs restent inexpliqués. Les coordonnées ne se rejoignent pas ; à partir d’un certain point on les [...]

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LSD Psychotherapy by Stanislas GROF, 1997

LSD Psychotherapy Stanislas GROF Hunter House Ed., 1979   LIST OF CONTENTS 1. History of LSD Therapy The Discovery of LSD and its Psychedelic Effects Early Laboratory and Clinical LSD Research Therapeutic Experimentation With LSD Studies of Chemotherapeutic Properties of LSD LSD-Assisted Psychotherapy The Need for a Comprehensive Theory of LSD Therapy 2. Critical Variables in LSD Therapy Pharmacological Effects of LSD Personality of the Subject Personality of the Therapist or Guide Set and Setting of the Sessions 3. Psycholytic and Psychedelic Therapies with LSD : Towards an Integration of Approaches The Search for an Effective Technique of LSD Psychotherapy Advantages and Drawbacks of the Psycholytic Approach Pros and Cons of Psychedelic Therapy 4. Principles of LSD Psychotherapy The Preparation Period Psychedelic Sessions Integration [...]

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Harm potential of magic mushroom use : A review, Jan van Amsterdam et al., 2011

Harm potential of magic mushroom use : A review Jan van AMSTERDAM, Antoon OPPERTHUIZEN, Wim van den BRINK Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 2011, 59, 423-429. Doi : 10.1016/j.yrtph.2011.01.006   Abstract In 2007, the Minister of Health of the Netherlands requested the CAM (Coordination point Assessment and Monitoring new drugs) to assess the overall risk of magic mushrooms. The present paper is an updated redraft of the review, written to support the assessment by CAM experts. It summarizes the literature on physical or psychological dependence, acute and chronic toxicity, risk for public health and criminal aspects related to the consumption of magic mushrooms. In the Netherlands, the [...]

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Ibogaine : A review – Chapter 1, Kenneth R. Alper, 2001

Ibogaine : A review - Chapter 1 Kenneth R. Alper The Alkaloids. Chemistry and Biology, 2001, 56,  38 pp DOI: 10.1016/S0099-9598(01)56005-8   I. Introduction, Chemical Properties, and Historical Time Line ..................... A. Introduction................................................................................................... B. Chemical Structure and Properties .............................................................. C. Historical Time Line ..................................................................................... II. Mechanisms of Action .................................................................................. A. Neurotransmitter Activities........................................................................... B. Discrimination Studies.................................................................................. C. Effects on Neuropeptides............................................................................... D. Possible Effects on Neuroadaptations Related to Drug Sensitization or Tolerance ....................................................................................................... III. Evidence of Efficacy in Animal Models........................................................ A. Drug Self-Administration .............................................................................. B. Acute Opioid Withdrawal .............................................................................. C. Conditioned Place Preference........................................................................ D. Locomotor Activity........................................................................................ E. Dopamine Efflux............................................................................................. IV Evidence of Efficacy and Subjective Effects in Humans .............................. A. Evidence of Efficacy........................................................................................ B. Subjective Effects ........................................................................................... V. Pharmacokinetics ........................................................................................... A. Absorption....................................................................................................... B. Distribution .................................................................................................... C. Metabolism .................................................................................................... D. Excretion [...]

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The fourfold discovery of Mescaline (1896–1919), Ivo Gurschler, 2019

The fourfold discovery of Mescaline (1896–1919) Ivo Gurschler Chemical Monthly, 2019, 150, 941–947 © Springer-Verlag GmbH Austria, part of Springer Nature 2019 https://doi.org/10.1007/s00706-019-02444-0 Abstract This is an historical account of the pharmacological, chemical, and anthropological research concerning the molecular makeup of the peyote cactus (Lophophora williamsii) that laid the ground for Ernst Spaeth’s structural elucidation of mescaline as 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine. Keywords : History of science · Psychedelic studies · Organic chemistry · Alkaloids · Mescaline · Drugs   Introduction The exploration of the constituents of the peyote cactus and its effects upon the human psyche was an interdisciplinary undertaking that defied national borders. The material way to the heart of the [...]

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Peyote – Mescaline Scientific Papers, AEDMP – 2014-

Peyote - Mescaline Scientific Papers AEDMP - Asociación para el Estudio y la Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica Research conducted by : Juan Spuch & Genís Oña Divulgación de la Medicina Psicodélica. Castellarnau, 11 2º 1ª 43004 Tarragona Spain Tel. 675 55 33 44 Email: medicina.psicodelica@hotmail.com www.medicinapsicodelica.org Content _____________________________________ 1. What is peyote? 2. Scientific papers about peyote - mescaline arranged chronologically (1954-2012) - H. Denber & S. Merlis (1954). A Note on Some Therapeutic Implications of the Mescaline induced State - C. Landis & J. Clausen (1954). Certain Effects of Mescaline and Lysergic Acid on Psychological Functions - J. Cattell (1954). The Influence of Mescaline on Psychodynamic Material - W. Frederking (1955). Intoxicant [...]

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Pharmacology of Consciousness or Pharmacology of Spirituality ? A Historical Review of Psychedelic Clinical Studies, Ismael Apud, 2016

Pharmacology of Consciousness or Pharmacology of Spirituality ? A Historical Review of Psychedelic Clinical Studies Ismael Apud The Journal of Transpersonal Psychology, 2016, Vol. 48, No. 2, 150-167.   ABSTRACT: In the second half of the twentieth century, when psychopharmacology was not developed as we know it today and psychoanalysis was an influential school, various psychiatrists began to develop a ‘pharmacology of consciousness,’ and became interested in hallucinogens as new paths for accessing the unconscious. However, with the psychedelic model, the pharmacology of consciousness turned also into a ‘pharmacology of spirituality,’ focused on the use of spiritual experiences as catalyzers of psychological change. This article [...]

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