Étiquette : anandamide

Cannabis and synaptic reprogramming of the developing brain, Anissa Bara et al., 2021

Cannabis and synaptic reprogramming of the developing brain Anissa Bara, Jacqueline- Marie N. Ferland, Gregory Rompala, Henrietta Szutorisz and Yasmin L. Hurd Nature Reviews | Neuroscience, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41583-021-00465-5 Abstract Recent years have been transformational in regard to the perception of the health risks and benefits of cannabis with increased acceptance of use. This has unintended neurodevelopmental implications given the increased use of cannabis and the potent levels of Δ9-​tetrahydrocannabinol today being consumed by pregnant women, young mothers and teens. In this Review, we provide an overview of the neurobiological effects of cannabinoid exposure during prenatal/perinatal and adolescent periods, in which the endogenous cannabinoid system plays [...]

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Early phytocannabinoid chemistry to endocannabinoids and beyond, Raphael Mechoulam et al, 2014

Early phytocannabinoid chemistry to endocannabinoids and beyond Raphael Mechoulam, Lumír O. Hanuš, Roger Pertwee and Allyn C. Howlett NATURE REVIEWS | NEUROSCIENCE, 2014, 15, 757-764. Doi : 10.1038/nrm3811   Abstract Isolation and structure elucidation of most of the major cannabinoid constituents — including Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC), which is the principal psychoactive molecule in Cannabis sativa — was achieved in the 1960s and 1970s. It was followed by the identification of two cannabinoid receptors in the 1980s and the early 1990s and by the identification of the endocannabinoids shortly thereafter. There have since been considerable advances in our understanding of the endocannabinoid system and its function in the [...]

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Potential combinations of endocannabinoid/endocannabinoid-like compounds and antibiotics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Mark Feldman et al., 2020

Potential combinations of endocannabinoid/endocannabinoid-like compounds and antibiotics against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus Mark Feldman, Reem Smoum, Raphael Mechoulam, Doron Steinberg PLoS One, April 15, 2020, 1-13. Doi : 10.1371/journal.pone.0231583   Abstract Infections caused by antibiotic-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus have reached epidemic proportions globally. Our previous study showed antimicrobial effects of anandamide (AEA) and arachidonoyl serine (AraS) against methicillin (MET)-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) strains, proposing the therapeutic potential of these endocannabinoid/endocannabinoid-like (EC/EC-like) agents for the treatment of MRSA. Here, we investigated the potential synergism of combinations of AEA and AraS with different types of antibiotics against MRSA grown under planktonic growth or biofilm formation. The most effective [...]

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High Times for Painful Blues : The Endocannabinoid System in Pain-Depression Comorbidity, Marie Fitzgibbon et al., 2016

High Times for Painful Blues : The Endocannabinoid System in Pain-Depression Comorbidity Marie Fitzgibbon, David P. Finn,  Michelle Roche International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2016, 19, (3), 1–20 doi : 10.1093/ijnp/pyv095   Abstract Depression and pain are two of the most debilitating disorders worldwide and have an estimate co-occurrence of up to 80%. Comorbidity of these disorders is more difficult to treat, associated with significant disability and impaired healthrelated quality of life than either condition alone, resulting in enormous social and economic cost. Several neural substrates have been identified as potential mediators in the association between depression and pain, including neuroanatomical reorganization, monoamine and neurotrophin depletion, dysregulation [...]

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BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Système endocannabinoïdes et récepteurs aux cannabinoïdes, Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, avril 2020.

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Système endocannabinoïdes et récepteurs aux cannabinoïdes   Dr Christian Sueur, GRECC, avril 2020.     1 - Système endocannabinoïde : 1 - 7 2 - Récepteurs des cannabinoïdes : 8 - 13 3 - THC et récepteurs non-cannabinoïdes : 14 4 - CBD et récepteurs non cannabinoïdes : 15 5 - Neurophysiologie des endocannabinoïdes : 16 - 19 6 - Neuropharmacologie des cannabinoïdes de synthèse : 20 - 21 7 - Neuropharmacologie des Phytocannabinoïdes : 22 - 29    

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Plant cannabinoids : a neglected pharmacological treasure trove, Raphael Mechoulam, 2005

Plant cannabinoids : a neglected pharmacological treasure trove Raphael Mechoulam British Journal of Pharmacology, 2005, 146, 913–915 doi : 10.1038/sj.bjp.0706415 Most of the cannabinoids in Cannabis sativa L. have not been fully evaluated for their pharmacological activity. A publication in this issue presents evidence that a plant cannabinoid, D9-tetrahydro-cannabivarin is a potent antagonist of anandamide, a major endogenous cannabinoid. It seems possible that many of the non-psychoactive constituents of this plant will be of biological interest. Keywords : Anandamide; CB1 receptor antagonist; CB2 receptor antagonist; mouse vas deferens; D9 tetrahydrocannabinol; D9-tetrahydrocannabivarin; -(þ)-(R)- WIN55212   Cannabis sativa L. produces more than 60 terpeno-phenols that have not been detected [...]

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Cannabidiol regulates behavioural alterations and gene expression changes induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal, Francisco Navarrete et al., 2018

Cannabidiol regulates behavioural alterations and gene expression changes induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal Francisco Navarrete, Auxiliadora Aracil-Fernández and Jorge Manzanares British Journal of Pharmacology, 2018. Doi : 10.1111/bph.14226   BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cannabidiol (CBD) represents a promising therapeutic tool for treating cannabis use disorder (CUD). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of CBD on the behavioural and gene expression alterations induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal was evaluated 12 h after cessation of CP-55,940 treatment (0.5 mg·kg1 every 12 h, i.p.; 7 days) in C57BL/6J mice. The effects of CBD (5, 10 and 20 mg·kg1, i.p.) on withdrawal-related behavioural signs were evaluated by [...]

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A tale of two cannabinoids : The therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, Ethan Russo & Geoffrey W. Guy, 2006

A tale of two cannabinoids : The therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol Ethan Russo & Geoffrey W. Guy Medical Hypotheses, 2006, 66, 234–246 doi : 10.1016/j.mehy.2005.08.026 Summary This study examines the current knowledge of physiological and clinical effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) and presents a rationale for their combination in pharmaceutical preparations. Cannabinoid and vanilloid receptor effects as well as non-receptor mechanisms are explored, such as the capability of THC and CBD to act as anti-inflammatory substances independent of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibition. CBD is demonstrated to antagonise some undesirable effects of THC including intoxication, sedation and tachycardia, while contributing analgesic, anti-emetic, [...]

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The cannabinoids : An overview. Therapeutic implications in vomiting and nausea after cancer chemotherapy, in appetite promotion, in multiple sclerosis and in neuroprotection, R. Mechoulam & L. Hanus, 2001

The cannabinoids : An overview. Therapeutic implications in vomiting and nausea after cancer chemotherapy, in appetite promotion, in multiple sclerosis and in neuroprotection R. Mechoulam PhD, L Hanušs PhD Pain Research Management, 2001, 6, (2), 67-73. Doi : 10.1155/2001/183057   The present paper describes the historical use of cannabis, starting with its use in Assyria and China. Recent advances in the understanding of the molecular basis of cannabis action are explained, including the identification of the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, as well as the isolation of endogenous cannabinoids from the brain and periphery. The use of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol as an antivomiting and antinausea drug for cancer [...]

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Endocannabinoid System, Aleksandra Tarasiuka et al., 2019

Endocannabinoid System Aleksandra Tarasiuka, Maciej Salagaa, and Jakub Fichna Encyclopedia of Gastroenterology, 2nd Edition, 2019 © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-801238-3.65635-0 1   Introduction 1 Cannabinoids and Their Role in the Physiological and Pathophysiological Processes in the GI Tract 3 Physiological Conditions 3 Gut motility 3 Gastric secretion and emptying 3 Pathophysiological Conditions 4 IBS 4 IBD 5 Colon cancer 5 Peptic ulcer disease 5 Endocannabinoid System and Its Interplay With Other Systems 5 Cholecystokinin 5 Endovanilloids 6 Opioids 6 Endocannabinoid System and Gut Microbiota 6 Conclusion 7 Acknowledgments 7 References Introduction Endocannabinoid system (ECS) is one of the crucial physiological systems that may be targeted to improve human health. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are localized in various organs (heart, lungs, urinary bladder, [...]

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