Catégorie : Neurobiologie

The effects of microdose LSD on time perception: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, Steliana Yanakieva et al., 2018

The effects of microdose LSD on time perception: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial Steliana Yanakieva, Naya Polychroni, Neiloufar Family, Luke T. J. Williams, David P. Luke, Devin B. Terhune Psychopharmacology, 2018 Doi : 10.1007/s00213-018-5119-x   Abstract Rationale : Previous research demonstrating that lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) produces alterations in time perception has implications for its impact on conscious states and a range of psychological functions that necessitate precise interval timing. However, interpretation of this research is hindered by methodological limitations and an inability to dissociate direct neurochemical effects on interval timing from indirect effects attributable to altered states of consciousness. Methods : We conducted a randomised, double-blind, [...]

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THCp – Newly discovered and highly potent phytocannabinoid, cannabislifenetwork.com, 2020

THCp – Newly discovered and highly potent phytocannabinoid Source : cannabislifenetwork.com Publié le 1 Fév 2020 We have discovered so much about cannabis over the years, but it’s vast, intricate, pharmacological map is missing many major regions. CBD dominant varieties have exploded in demand, yet the cannabinoid is still only partially understood, and there is still CBG and CBN just around the market’s corner. Now, brand new forms of THC and CBD, THCp and CBDp, respectively, have been discovered; evidence that the map’s expanse is still beyond our grasp. Phytocannabinoids over synthetics Lately, stories of newly discovered cannabinoids are strewn with the accomplishments of a biochemist [...]

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Les troubles cognitifs et psychiatriques liés à la consommation de cannabis, Alain DERVAUX, 2014

Les troubles cognitifs et psychiatriques liés à la consommation de cannabis Alain DERVAUX, Marie-Odile KREBS , Xavier LAQUEILLE Bulletin de l'Académie Nationale de Médecine, 2014, 198, no 3, 559-577, séance du 25 mars 2014   RÉSUMÉ Plusieurs études ont montré que le Δ-9-THC, principal principe actif du cannabis entraînait des troubles de l’attention, de la mémoire et des fonctions exécutives. Ils sont liés à la dose, à la fréquence, à la durée d’exposition et à l’âge de la première consommation. Ils peuvent disparaître après sevrage, mais des anomalies durables s’observent chez les sujets ayant débuté leur consommation avant l’âge de 15 ans. La fréquence de [...]

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Psychological Explorations of the Magic Mushroom (Psilocybin) Experience, Part II : Neuropsychological Measures José Arturo Costa Escobar & Antonio Roazzi, 2011

Psychological Explorations of the Magic Mushroom (Psilocybin) Experience, Part II : Neuropsychological Measures José Arturo Costa Escobar, M.S., Antonio Roazzi, Ph.D. Neurobiologia, 2011, 74, (3-4), 99-112.   ABSTRACT Some investigations conducted with psilocybin and mushrooms of the Psilocybe genus on the human mind point to a peculiarity of these substances to promote a special state of consciousness. The present study measured the effects of dehydrated magic mushrooms on human visual processes and memory utilizing tasks in a pre- and post-test form. We observed defi cits in visual working memory and these results were consistent with other, recent psilocybin studies. However this and other visual mechanisms [...]

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A tale of two cannabinoids : The therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, Ethan Russo & Geoffrey W. Guy, 2006

A tale of two cannabinoids : The therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol Ethan Russo & Geoffrey W. Guy Medical Hypotheses, 2006, 66, 234–246 doi : 10.1016/j.mehy.2005.08.026 Summary This study examines the current knowledge of physiological and clinical effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) and presents a rationale for their combination in pharmaceutical preparations. Cannabinoid and vanilloid receptor effects as well as non-receptor mechanisms are explored, such as the capability of THC and CBD to act as anti-inflammatory substances independent of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibition. CBD is demonstrated to antagonise some undesirable effects of THC including intoxication, sedation and tachycardia, while contributing analgesic, anti-emetic, [...]

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Interaction of maternal choline levels and prenatal Marijuana’s effects on the offspring, Camille Hoffman et al., 2019

Interaction of maternal choline levels and prenatal Marijuana's effects on the offspring Camille Hoffman, Sharon K. Hunter, Angelo D'Alessandro, KathleenNoonan et al. Psychological Medicine, 2019 Doi : https://doi.org/10.1017/S003329171900179X Published online by Cambridge University Press: 31 July 2019 Abstract Background : This study investigated whether higher maternal choline levels mitigate effects of marijuana on fetal brain development. Choline transported into the amniotic fluid from the mother activates α7-nicotinic acetylcholine receptors on fetal cerebro-cortical inhibitory neurons, whose development is impeded by cannabis blockade of their cannabinoid-1(CB1) receptors. Methods : Marijuana use was assessed during pregnancy from women who later brought their newborns for study. Mothers were informed about [...]

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Cannabis and the developing brain : Insights from behavior, Viviana Trezza et al., 2008

Cannabis and the developing brain : Insights from behavior Viviana Trezza, Vincenzo Cuomo, Louk J.M.J. Vanderschuren European Journal of Pharmacology, 2008, 585, 441-452. Doi : 10.1016/j.ejphar.2008.01.058   A B S T R A C T The isolation and identification, in 1964, of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the primary psycho-active compound in cannabis, opened the door to a whole new field of medical research. The exploration of the therapeutic potential of THC and other natural and synthetic cannabinoid compounds was paralleled by the discovery of the endocannabinoid system, comprising cannabinoid receptors and their endogenous ligands, which offered exciting new insights into brain function. Besides its well-known involvement in specific [...]

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Developmental consequences of perinatal cannabis exposure : behavioral and neuroendocrine effects in adult rodents, Patrizia Campolongo et al., 2011

Developmental consequences of perinatal cannabis exposure : behavioral and neuroendocrine effects in adult rodents Patrizia Campolongo, Viviana Trezza, Patrizia Ratano, Maura Palmery & Vincenzo Cuomo Psychopharmacology, 2011, 214, 5–15 Doi : 10.1007/s00213-010-1892-x   Abstract Rationale : Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit drug among pregnant women. Since the endocannabinoid system plays a crucial role in brain development, maternal exposure to cannabis derivatives might result in longlasting neurobehavioral abnormalities in the exposed offspring. It is difficult to detect these effects, and their underlying neurobiological mechanisms, in clinical cohorts, because of their intrinsic methodological and interpretative issues. Objectives : The present paper reviews relevant rodent studies examining the [...]

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Malades de Parkinson à Marseille, ils vont tester le cannabis thérapeutique, La Provence, 24/1/2020

Malades de Parkinson à Marseille, ils vont tester le cannabis thérapeutique La Provence, 24/1/2020 https://www.laprovence.com/article/societe/5858706/avant-premiere-malades-de-parkinson-a-marseille-ils-vont-tester-le-cannabis-therapeutique.html transmis par principesactifs.fr La prise de cannabis peut-elle soulager certains symptômes moteurs et non-moteurs de la maladie de Parkinson ? "Nous avons de bonnes raisons de le penser mais nous avons besoin de données robustes pour le démontrer", sourit le Pr Olivier Blin, chef du service de pharmacologie clinique de la Timone, à Marseille. Grâce au soutien du centre d’excellence Dhune et de l’association France-Parkinson, son équipe, avec le service de neurologie et de pathologie du mouvement, le CNRS et l’Institut de neurosciences du CHU s’apprêtent à tester la prise de [...]

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