Étiquette : traitements

Single Shot of Ketamine May Herald ‘Last Call’ for Problem Drinking, Deborah Brauser, 2019

Single Shot of Ketamine May Herald 'Last Call' for Problem Drinking Deborah Brauser Medscape, December 11, 2019 Medscape Medical News © 2019 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/922460?src=wnl_tp10n_200116_mscpedit&uac=292598PZ&impID=2238619&faf=1   An experimental treatment that includes a single infusion of ketamine may lead to long-term improvement in problem drinking, new research suggests. In an study of 90 heavy drinkers, those who received a single dose of intravenous (IV) ketamine plus cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) that focused on reactivating drinking-related "maladaptive reward memories" (MRMs) significantly curbed the urge to drink and reduced alcohol intake  compared with those who received the ketamine alone or a placebo infusion. In addition, the combination group reduced their average weekly alcohol consumption by [...]

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Cannabis thérapeutique : la France tente l’expérience, Le Quotidien du Pharmacien, Damien Coulomb, 06/01/2020

Cannabis thérapeutique : la France tente l’expérience Le Quotidien du Pharmacien, 6 janvier 2020 - N°3567 By Damien Coulomb   https://reputation.kantar.com//Public/IndexReview?ticket=B0676A6A0861C43FAA8FF14D942445F772837649EBF3AE141B18755109B597E279FDFAD2E9DA3F6A339F855835E70A2BA4435547C70966B06357667834105870033911B7545D63C0FA495FAE3543451038F55FF11906571C7AF35F378C6A16BAD3ED49B0933F8B41D99A90532AE551334818943393DA3A4BB381D488EDF9A29E   Le 3 décembre dernier, les députés adoptaient définitivement la loi de financement de la sécurité sociale 2020. Un des amendements du texte, proposé par le député de l'Isère Olivier Véran, inscrit dans la loi l’expérimentation du cannabis thérapeutique dans le traitement d’un certain nombre d’indications. À partir du premier semestre 2020, les patients Français pourront se voir prescrire du cannabis thérapeutique dans le cadre d’une expérimentation de 2 ans.Selon le descriptif fourni par le comité scientifique spécialisé temporaire (CSST) rassemblé par l’Agence nationale de [...]

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The Confrontation between Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacological Tests of Medicinal Plants Associated with Mental and Neurological Disorders, Giovanna Felipe Cavalcante e Costa et al., 2018

The Confrontation between Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacological Tests of Medicinal Plants Associated with Mental and Neurological Disorders Giovanna Felipe Cavalcante e Costa, Hisao Nishijo, Leonardo Ferreira Caixeta, and Tales Alexandre Aversi-Ferreira Hindawi - Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Volume 2018, Article ID 7686913, 27 pages Doi : 10.1155/2018/7686913   Abstract For neurological disorders, pharmacological tests have shown promising results in the reduction of side effects when using plants with known therapeutic effects in the treatment of some types of dementia. Therefore, the goals of this study are to gather data about the major medicinal plants used in the nervous system as described in ethnopharmacological surveys from South [...]

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Translational evidence for ayahuasca as an antidepressant : what’s next ?

Translational evidence for ayahuasca as an antidepressant : what’s next ? Rafael Guimaraes dos SANTOS, José Carlos BOUSO British Journal of Psychiatry, 2019, 41, (4), 275-276. Doi : 10.1590/1516-4446-2019-4104   Depression is among the most important contributors to global disability and suicidal deaths. Available antidepressants are usually selective inhibitors of serotonin and norepinephrine uptake, which need weeks of daily intake before therapeutic effects appear, have limited efficacy for many patients, and induce significant adverse reactions after prolonged use. Therefore, recent research has focused on finding new antidepressant compounds that are fast-acting, more effective, and less toxic. The article recently published by da Silva et al. in the [...]

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The Role of Cannabis in Treating Anxiety : An Update, Michael Van Ameringen et al., 2019

The Role of Cannabis in Treating Anxiety : An Update Michael Van Ameringen; Jasmine Zhang; Beth Patterson; Jasmine Turna Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 2019, 33, (1), 1-7. DOI:10.1097/YCO.0000000000000566 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/922111?nlid=133169_425&src=WNL_mdplsfeat_191224_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2219742&faf=1 Abstract and Introduction Abstract Purpose of review: Cannabis use for medical purposes has become increasingly common, including as treatment for mental health disorders such as anxiety. Unfortunately, the evidence examining its use in mental health has been slow to evolve, but is emerging. Given the widespread use of cannabis, it is important for both clinicians and those who suffer with anxiety to understand the effects of cannabis on symptoms of anxiety. In this review, we present recent, available [...]

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Serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics could be promising treatments for depressive and anxiety disorders in endstage cancer, Rafael Guimarães dos Santos et al., 2019

Serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics could be promising treatments for depressive and anxiety disorders in endstage cancer Rafael Guimarães dos Santos, José Carlos Bouso and Jaime E. C. Hallak BMC Psychiatry, 2019, 19, 321 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-019-2288-z   Abstract In a recent issue of the BMC Psychiatry, the evidence of effectiveness of treatments for psychiatric conditions in end-stage cancer patients was reviewed (Johnson, 2018). The review was comprehensive, and included traditional and non-traditional/alternative treatments, including herbal medicines and spirituality. However, evidence showing that classic or serotonergic hallucinogens/psychedelics such as psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) could be effective treatments for depressive and anxiety disorders in end-stage cancer was not included. In [...]

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Evaluation of the effects of CBD hemp extract on opioid use and quality of life indicators in chronic pain patients : a prospective cohort study, Alex Capano et al., 2019

Evaluation of the effects of CBD hemp extract on opioid use and quality of life indicators in chronic pain patients : a prospective cohort study Alex Capano, Richard Weaver & Elisa Burkman Postgraduate Medicine, 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Doi : 10.1080/00325481.2019.1685298   ABSTRACT Context : Chronic pain is highly prevalent in most of the industrialized nations around the world. Despite the documented adverse effects, opioids are widely used for pain management. Cannabinoids, and specifically Cannabidiol, is proposed as an opioid alternative, having comparable efficacy with better safety profile. Objectives : We aim to investigate the impact [...]

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Medical cannabis trial will target 20,000 UK patients, Jamie Doward and Lily Gordon Brown, The Guardian, 3 novembre 2019.

Medical cannabis trial will target 20,000 UK patients Jamie Doward and Lily Gordon Brown The GUARDIAN, Published on Sun 3 Nov 2019 https://www.theguardian.com/society/2019/nov/03/medical-cannabis-uk-clinical-trial-patients-nhs   Project backed by Royal College of Psychiatrists aims to be largest on drug’s use in Europe • Medical cannabis: Why are doctors still not prescribing it? Tilray medicinal cannabis growing facility in Canada. Photograph: Tilray Up to 20,000 patients in the UK are to be given medical cannabis over a two-year period in an initiative that aims to create the largest body of evidence on the drug in Europe. The move, to be unveiled on Thursday, is [...]

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Medicinal Cannabis on Prescription in The Netherlands : Statistics for 2003–2016, Bas de Hoop et al., 2018

Medicinal Cannabis on Prescription in The Netherlands : Statistics for 2003–2016 Bas de Hoop, Eibert R. Heerdink, and Arno Hazekamp Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2018, Volume 3.1, Doi : 10.1089/can.2017.0059   In 2003, the Netherlands started one of the first National medicinal cannabis programs in the world, where patients are provided with pharmaceutical-grade cannabis of standardized cannabinoid composition. The program is overseen by the Office of Medicinal Cannabis (OMC), which is part of the Ministry of Health, while cultivation, packaging, lab testing, and distribution are performed by contracted specialized companies. Medicinal cannabis is available on prescription only and can be dispensed by all Dutch pharmacies. [...]

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