Étiquette : schizophrénie

Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus Through Bi-Directional Control of ERK1-2 Phosphorylation, Roger Hudson et al., 2019

Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus Through Bi-Directional Control of ERK1-2 Phosphorylation Roger Hudson, Justine Renard, Christopher Norris, Walter J. Rushlow and Steven R. Laviolette The Journal of Neuroscience, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0708-19.2019   Abstract Evidence suggests that the phytocannabinoids Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) differentially regulate salience attribution and psychiatric risk. The ventral hippocampus (vHipp) relays emotional salience via control of dopamine (DA) neuronal activity states, which are dysregulated in psychosis and schizophrenia. Using in-vivo electrophysiology in male Sprague Dawley rats, we demonstrate that intra-vHipp THC strongly increases ventral tegmental area (VTA) DA neuronal frequency and bursting rates, decreases GABA frequency, and [...]

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Acceptance of pharmaceutical cannabis substitution by cannabis using patients with schizophrenia, Jan van Amsterdam et al., 2018

Acceptance of pharmaceutical cannabis substitution by cannabis using patients with schizophrenia Jan van Amsterdam, Jojanneke Vervloet, Gerdien de Weert, Victor J. A. Buwalda, Anna E. Goudriaan and Wim van den Brink Harm Reduction Journal, 2018, 15, 47, 1-4. Doi : 10.1186/s12954-018-0253-7   Abstract Background : Cannabis-smoking patients with a psychotic disorder have poorer disease outcomes than non-cannabis-smoking patients with poorest outcomes in patients smoking high-potency cannabis (HPC) containing high Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and low cannabidiol (CBD). Quitting cannabis smoking or substitution of HPC by cannabis variants containing less THC and/or more CBD may benefit these patients. The present study explores whether daily HPC-smoking patients with schizophrenia accept smoking [...]

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The Role of Cannabis within an Emerging Perspective on Schizophrenia, Jegason P. Diviant et al., 2018

The Role of Cannabis within an Emerging Perspective on Schizophrenia Jegason P. Diviant, Jacob M. Vigil, and Sarah S. Stith Medicines, 2018, 5, 86, 1-11. doi : 10.3390/medicines5030086   Abstract Background : Approximately 0.5% of the population is diagnosed with some form of schizophrenia, under the prevailing view that the pathology is best treated using pharmaceutical medications that act on monoamine receptors. Methods : We briefly review evidence on the impact of environmental forces, particularly the effect of autoimmune activity, in the expression of schizophrenic profiles and the role of Cannabis therapy for regulating immunological functioning. Results : A review of the literature shows that phytocannabinoid consumption may [...]

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The Role of Endocannabinoid Signaling in Cortical Inhibitory Neuron Dysfunction in Schizophrenia, David W. Volk and David A. Lewis, 2016

The Role of Endocannabinoid Signaling in Cortical Inhibitory Neuron Dysfunction in Schizophrenia David W. Volk and David A. Lewis Biological Psychiatry, 2016, 79, 595-603. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.06.015   ABSTRACT Cannabis use has been reported to increase the risk of developing schizophrenia and to worsen symptoms of the illness. Both of these outcomes might be attributable to the disruption by cannabis of the endogenous cannabinoid system’s spatiotemporal regulation of the inhibitory circuitry in the prefrontal cortex that is essential for core cognitive processes, such as working memory, which are impaired in schizophrenia. In the healthy brain, the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonylglycerol 1) is synthesized by diacylglycerol lipase in pyramidal neurons; 2) [...]

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Gene-environment interaction between an endocannabinoid system genetic polymorphism and cannabis use in first episode of psychosis, Miquel Bioque et al., 2019

Gene-environment interaction between an endocannabinoid system genetic polymorphism and cannabis use in first episode of psychosis Miquel Bioque, Sergi Mas, Maria Cristina Costanzo, Bibiana Cabrera, Antonio Lobo, Ana González-Pinto, Elisa Rodriguez-Toscano, Iluminada Corripio, Eduard Vieta, Immaculada Baeza, Ángela Ibáñez, Miguel Gutiérrez Fraile, Manuel J. Cuesta, Gisela Mezquida, Amalia Lafuente, Miguel Bernardo, PEPs GROUP European Neuropsychopharmacology, 2019, 29, (6), 786-794 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2019.04.005   Abstract Alterations of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) may play an important role in the development of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. Cannabis use is one of the environmental fac- tors more repeatedly related to an increase the risk of developing a psychotic episode, while its [...]

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Comment le cannabis peut favoriser les troubles psychotiques : conséquences, dépistage et prise en charge, Alain Dervaux, 2019

Comment le cannabis peut favoriser les troubles psychotiques : conséquences, dépistage et prise en charge Alain Dervaux L’Information Psychiatrique, 2019, 95, (8), 672-678 * Travail présenté aux 37es journées de la Société de l’Information Psychiatrique, Antibes, 4-6 octobre 2018. Résumé Les relations complexes entre cannabis et psychoses ont fait l’objet de nombreux travaux depuis une vingtaine d’années. La consommation de cannabis peut s’accompagner de symptômes psychotiques chez certains sujets (jusqu’à 15 % des consommateurs) qui disparaissent avec l’élimination du -9-THC de l’organisme. Elle peut aussi augmenter par deux le risque de troubles psychotiques, notamment de schizophrénie. Le risque est d’autant plus élevé que la consommation de cannabis [...]

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Could cannabidiol be used as an alternative to antipsychotics ?, Marc Fakhoury, 2016

Could cannabidiol be used as an alternative to antipsychotics ? Marc Fakhoury Journal of Psychiatric Research · May 2016 Doi : 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.05.013   Abstract Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects close to 1% of the population. Individuals with this disorder often present signs such as hallucination, anxiety, reduced attention, and social withdrawal. Although antipsychotic drugs remain the cornerstone of schizophrenia treatment, they are associated with severe side effects. Recently, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for pharmacotherapy that is involved in a wide range of disorders, including schizophrenia. Since its discovery, a lot of effort has been devoted to the [...]

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Bibliographie : Cannabis et Cannabinoides en Psychiatrie, Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, novembre 2019

Bibliographie : Cannabis et Cannabinoides en Psychiatrie Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, décembre 2019.   Cannabinoïdes et Anxiété Cannabinoïdes et psychose Cannabinoïdes et dépression Cannabis et addiction   2e version, décembre 2019....   Cannabinoides et PTSD : cf la Bibliographie : Cannabinoïdes et PTSD https://www.grecc.org/publications/bibliographies/bibliographie-cannabinoides-et-ptsd-docteur-christian-sueur-grecc-2019/ Substances psychédéliques et Addictions : cf Bibliographie : Substances psychédéliques et  et traitements des Addictions https://www.grecc.org/publications/bibliographies/bibliographie-substances-psychedeliques-et-cannabinoides-et-traitement-des-addictions-dr-christian-sueur-grecc-octobre-2019/

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In Vivo Availability of Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Levels in Patients With First-Episode Psychosis, Faith Borgan et al., 2019

In Vivo Availability of Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Levels in Patients With First-Episode Psychosis Faith Borgan, Heikki Laurikainen, Mattia Veronese, Tiago Reis Marques, Merja Haaparanta-Solin, Olof Solin, Tarik Dahoun, Maria Rogdaki, Raimo KR Salokangas, Max Karukivi, Marta Di Forti, Federico Turkheimer, Jarmo Hietala, Oliver Howes for the METSY Group JAMA Psychiatry, 2019. doi : 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1427   IMPORTANCE Experimental and epidemiological studies implicate the cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) in the pathophysiology of psychosis. However, whether CB1R levels are altered in the early stages of psychosis and whether they are linked to cognitive function or symptom severity remain unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate CB1R availability in first-episode psychosis (FEP) without the [...]

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Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis, Cathy Davies and Sagnik Bhattacharyya, 2019

Cannabidiol as a potential treatment for psychosis Cathy Davies and Sagnik Bhattacharyya Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 2019, Vol. 9, 1–16 https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2045125319881916   Abstract : Psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia are heterogeneous and often debilitating conditions that contribute substantially to the global burden of disease. The introduction of dopamine D2 receptor antagonists in the 1950s revolutionised the treatment of psychotic disorders and they remain the mainstay of our treatment arsenal for psychosis. However, traditional antipsychotics are associated with a number of side effects and a significant proportion of patients do not achieve an adequate remission of symptoms. There is therefore a need for novel interventions, particularly those with a non-D2 antagonist mechanism of [...]

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