Étiquette : religion

Ayahuasca : Uses, Phytochemical and Biological Activities, Edgar Antonio Estrella‑Parra et al., 2019

Ayahuasca : Uses, Phytochemical and Biological Activities Edgar Antonio Estrella‑Parra · Julio Cesar Almanza‑Pérez · Francisco Javier Alarcón‑Aguilar Natural Products and Bioprospecting, 2019, 9, 251–265 doi : 10.1007/s13659-019-0210-5   Abstract Ayahuasca (caapi, yajé), is a psychoactive brew from the Amazon Basin region of South America traditionally considered a “master plant.” It is prepared as a decoction from Banisteriopsis caapi and Psychotria viridis, which it is thought that it stimulates creative thinking and visual creativity. Native healers of the Orinoco and Amazon basins have used traditionally ayahuasca as a healing tool for multiple purposes, particularly to treat psychological disorders in the patients, with some beneficial effects experimentally [...]

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BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : anthropologie, sociologie, spiritualité, chamanisme, culture…, Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, mai 2020

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : anthropologie, sociologie, spiritualité, chamanisme, culture…   Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, mai 2020   Substances psychédéliques, anthropologie, sociologie, culture… : pp 1 - 6 Substances psychédéliques et Chamanisme : pp 7 - 10 Psychédéliques et “spiritualité” : religion, mysticisme, enthéogènes : pp 11 - 23  

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A Comparative Literature Survey of Psilocybin and LSD-25 Metabolism, Ian Joyce, 2017

A Comparative Literature Survey of Psilocybin and LSD-25 Metabolism Ian Joyce Capstone Project CHM 400 H Cal Poly Pomona, Winter 2017 | 1 - &ç   Psilocybin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD-25) are two of the most popular and well known psychedelic drugs. Although both of the compounds are currently illegal in the United States, a renewed interest has begun in recent years to examine and analyze these drugs for therapeutic use. This review analyzes the current research pertaining to the metabolism, biochemical pathways, receptor activity, biological signaling, physiological effects and the behavioral effects associated with both of these compounds. For psychedelic compounds to [...]

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Entheogens, Katie Givens Kime, 2018

Entheogens Katie Givens Kime Institute of Practical Theology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland in D. A. Leeming (ed.), "Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion", # Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018 Doi : 10.1007/978-3-642-27771-9_200181-1   Entheogen is a term coined in the late 1970s by a group of botanists and scholars which refers to any psychoactive agent which allows for “generating the divine within” (Ruck et al. 1979). Entheogens are psychedelic substances which, in adequate dosage under supportive conditions, are known to facilitate visionary, mystical, and/or spiritual experiences. Such substances include psilocybin, peyote, LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide), ibogaine, and ayahuasca. Typically of plant origin, entheogens are [...]

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The Religious Significance of Entheogenic Drugs, Hugh Asher,

The Religious Significance of Entheogenic Drugs Hugh Asher More Info: This is my unpublished Master's Dissertation.   Abstract This paper examines the use of psychoactive substances such as Psilocybin, Mescaline, and LSD as adjuncts to mystical, religious or spiritual experiences. There is an analysis of the psychological changes and the changes in perception that these substances cause and how these can be interpreted as contributing to religious or spiritual enlightenment. There is also a discussion on the nature of what could be considered a religious experience. An overview of the use of such ‘entheogenic’ drugs from an historical perspective follows, looking specifically at the use of [...]

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The evolutionary neuroanthropology of consciousness : exploring the diversity of conscious states across cultures. An interview with Michael Winkelman, Michael Winkelman & Martin E. Fortier, 2019

The evolutionary neuroanthropology of consciousness : exploring the diversity of conscious states across cultures. An interview with Michael Winkelman. Michael Winkelman & Martin E. Fortier ALIUS Bulletin, 2019, 3, 45-97. doi : 10.34700/krg3-zk35   Abstract In this interview, Michael Winkelman and Martin Fortier discuss the extent to which consciousness is grounded in deep evolutionary mechanisms and can be enculturated. First, the main tenets of two neuroanthropological approaches to consciousness and culture are outlined. Next, the upsides and downsides of evolutionary psychology are examined; the fruitfulness of this approach in the study of cultural phenomena such as shamanism is debated. The authors then discuss the promises of [...]

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Sense of reality, metacognition and culture in schizophrenic and drug-induced hallucinations, Martin Fortier, 2018

Sense of reality, metacognition and culture in schizophrenic and drug-induced hallucinations :  An interdisciplinary approach Martin Fortier In J. Proust & M. Fortier (Eds.) : "Metacognitive Diversity : An Interdisciplinary Approach", 2018. Oxford/New York, Oxford University Press.   Abstract Hallucinations possess two main components : (i) a sensory content; and (ii) a sense that the sensory content is real. Influential models of schizophrenic hallucination claim that both the sensory content and the sense of reality can be explained in terms of metacognitive dysfunction. This chapter assesses whether such a claim holds for schizophrenic and drug-induced hallucinations; it further attempts to determine the actual role of metacognition [...]

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Psychedelics in History and World Religions, Editorial, Michael J. Winkelman, 2019

Psychedelics in History and World Religions,  Editorial Michael James Winkelman Journal of Psychedelic Studies, 2019, 3, (2), pp. 41–42 Doi : 10.1556/2054.2019.021   Recent research has given new hope that psychedelics might provide important tools for treating some of our more intractable ailments. Assessment of the therapeutic applications of psychedelics for various conditions (Winkelman & Sessa, 2019) offers tantalizing promises of what may be seen as miracle cures for their immediate results and effectiveness. As new technologies expand our understandings of the effects of these substances, we are entering a new epoch of understanding the systemic effects of psychedelics on the brain. These findings regarding the [...]

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The DMT Gland : The Pineal, The Spirit Molecule, and Popular Culture, Graham St John, 2016

The DMT Gland : The Pineal, The Spirit Molecule, and Popular Culture Graham St John International Journal for the Study of New Religions, 7.2 , 2016, 153–174 ISSN 2041-9511 (print) ISSN 2041-952X (online) 10.1558/ijsnr.v7i2.31949   With clinical psychiatrist Rick Strassman’s DMT: The Spirit Molecule as a vehicle, the pineal gland has become a popularly enigmatic organ that quite literally excretes mystery. Strassman’s top selling book documented groundbreaking clinical trials with the powerful mind altering compound DMT (N,N-dimethyltryptamine) conducted at the University of New Mexico in the early 1990s. Inflected with Buddhist metaphysics, the book proposed that DMT secreted from the pineal gland enables transit of the [...]

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Drugs, Religion, and Cultural Heritage : An Analysis of the Public Policies Regarding the Use of Ayahuasca in Brazil, Henrique Fernandes Antunes, 2018

Drugs, Religion, and Cultural Heritage : An Analysis of the Public Policies Regarding the Use of Ayahuasca in Brazil Henrique Fernandes Antunes The International Journal of Religion and Spirituality in Society, 2018, Volume #, Issue #, http://doi.org/######################   Abstract : In 1985, ayahuasca was banned for a short period of time by the Federal Council of Drugs (CONFEN). After more than two decades of debates and public policies, the Brazilian government consolidated the regulation of ayahuasca consumption for religious purposes and recognized ayahuasca groups as legitimate religions and part of the cultural heritage of the Amazon region. The aim of this work is to demonstrate that [...]

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