Étiquette : opioid crisis

The Impact of Medical Cannabis on Intermittent and Chronic Opioid Users with Back Pain : How Cannabis Diminished Prescription Opioid Usage, Kevin M. Takakuwa et al., 2020

The Impact of Medical Cannabis on Intermittent and Chronic Opioid Users with Back Pain : How Cannabis Diminished Prescription Opioid Usage Kevin M. Takakuwa, Jeffrey Y. Hergenrather, Frances S. Shofer, and Raquel M. Schears Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2020, Volume X, Number X, 1-8. Doi : 10.1089/can.2019.0039 Abstract Objective : To determine if cannabis may be used as an alternative or adjunct treatment for intermittent and chronic prescription opioid users. Design : Retrospective cohort study. Setting : A single-center cannabis medical practice site in California. Patients : A total of 180 patients who had a chief complaint of low back pain were identified (International Classification of Diseases, 10th [...]

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“Go Ask Alice”: The Case for Researching Schedule I Drugs, Kenneth V. ISERSON , 2019

“Go Ask Alice”: The Case for Researching Schedule I Drugs Kenneth V. ISERSON Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 2019, 28, 168–177. © Cambridge University Press 2018. doi : 10.1017/S0963180118000518   Abstract : The available treatments for disorders affecting large segments of the population are often costly, complex, and only marginally effective, and many have numerous side effects. These disorders include dementias, debilitating neurological disorders, the multiple types of drug addiction, and the spectrum of mental health disorders. Preliminary studies have shown that a variety of psychedelic and similar U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration Schedule I drugs may offer better treatment options than those that currently exist and pose potentially [...]

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Evaluation of the effects of CBD hemp extract on opioid use and quality of life indicators in chronic pain patients : a prospective cohort study, Alex Capano et al., 2019

Evaluation of the effects of CBD hemp extract on opioid use and quality of life indicators in chronic pain patients : a prospective cohort study Alex Capano, Richard Weaver & Elisa Burkman Postgraduate Medicine, 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Doi : 10.1080/00325481.2019.1685298   ABSTRACT Context : Chronic pain is highly prevalent in most of the industrialized nations around the world. Despite the documented adverse effects, opioids are widely used for pain management. Cannabinoids, and specifically Cannabidiol, is proposed as an opioid alternative, having comparable efficacy with better safety profile. Objectives : We aim to investigate the impact [...]

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Emerging Evidence for Cannabis’ Role in Opioid Use Disorder, Beth Wiese and Adrianne R. Wilson-Poe, 2018

Emerging Evidence for Cannabis’ Role in Opioid Use Disorder Beth Wiese and Adrianne R. Wilson-Poe Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2018, Volume 3.1,179-189. Doi : 10.1089/can.2018.0022   Abstract Introduction : The opioid epidemic has become an immense problem in North America, and despite decades of research on the most effective means to treat opioid use disorder (OUD), overdose deaths are at an all-time high, and relapse remains pervasive. Discussion : Although there are a number of FDA-approved opioid replacement therapies and maintenance medications to help ease the severity of opioid withdrawal symptoms and aid in relapse prevention, these medications are not risk free nor are they successful for [...]

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Cannabis use, pain and prescription opioid use in people living with chronic non-cancer pain : Findings from a four-year prospective cohort, Gabrielle Campbell et al., 2018

Cannabis use, pain and prescription opioid use in people living with chronic non-cancer pain : Findings from a four-year prospective cohort Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne D. Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Lancet Public Health, 2018, 3, (7): e341–e350. doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30110-5.   Abstract Background : There has been growing interest in the use of cannabis and cannabinoids to treat chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP). Cannabis and cannabinoids have attracted attention because of their greater safety compared with opioids, and the possibility that their use can reduce opioid [...]

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The effect of cannabis laws on opioid use, J.L. Flexon et al., 2019

The effect of cannabis laws on opioid use. J.L. Flexon, L. Stolzenberg, S.J. d'Alessio International Journal of Drug Policy, 2019, 74, 152-159. doi : 10.1016/j.drugpo.2019.09.013. Abstract BACKGROUND : Many Americans rely on opioids at varying dosages to help ameliorate their suffering. However, empirical evidence is mounting that opioids are ineffective at controlling non-cancer related chronic pain, and many argue the strategies meant to relieve patient suffering are contributing to the growing opioid epidemic. Concurrently, several states now allow the use of medical cannabis to treat a variety of medical conditions, including chronic pain. Needing more exploration is the impact of cannabis laws on general opioid reliance [...]

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The moderating effect of psychedelics on the prospective relationship between prescription opioid use and suicide risk among marginalized women, Elena Argento et al., 2018

The moderating effect of psychedelics on the prospective relationship between prescription opioid use and suicide risk among marginalized women Elena Argento, Melissa Braschel, Zach Walsh, M. Eugenia Socias and Kate Shannon Journal of Psychopharmacology, 2018, 1–7 DOI : 10.1177/0269881118798610   Abstract Background/aims : Given high rates of depression and suicide among marginalized women, and increasing calls to integrate trauma-informed biomedical and community-led structural interventions, this study longitudinally examines the potential moderating effect of psychedelic use on the relationship between other illicit drug use and suicide risk. Methods : Data (2010–2017) were drawn from a community-based, prospective open cohort of marginalized women in Vancouver, Canada. Extended Cox regression [...]

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The tripping point : The potential role of psychedelic-assisted therapy in the response to the opioid crisis, Elena Argento et al., 2018

The tripping point : The potential role of psychedelic-assisted therapy in the response to the opioid crisis Elena Argento, Kenneth W. Tupper, M. Eugenia Socias International Journal of Drug Policy, 2019,  66, 80–81 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.drugpo.2018.11.006 0955-3959/ © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved A B S T R A C T The increasing contamination of the drug supply with illicitly manufactured fentanyl and related analogs in North America has resulted in the most severe drug-overdose crisis in history. Available pharmaco-therapy options for the treatment of opioid use disorder have had limited success in curbing the current crisis, and a growing body of evidence highlights the need for [...]

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Association between medical cannabis laws and opioid overdose mortality has reversed over time, Chelsea L. Shover et al., 2019

Association between medical cannabis laws and opioid overdose mortality has reversed over time Chelsea L. Shover, Corey S. Davis, Sanford C. Gordon, and Keith Humphreys PNAS, mai 2019 www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1903434116   Abstract Medical cannabis has been touted as a solution to the US opioid overdose crisis since Bachhuber et al. [M. A. Bachhuber, B. Saloner, C. O. Cunningham, C. L. Barry, JAMA Intern. Med. 174, 1668–1673] found that from 1999 to 2010 states with medical cannabis laws experienced slower increases in opioid analgesic overdose mortality. That research received substantial attention in the scientific literature and popular press and served as a talking point for the cannabis industry [...]

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