Étiquette : neurotoxicité

Les troubles cognitifs et psychiatriques liés à la consommation de cannabis, Alain DERVAUX, 2014

Les troubles cognitifs et psychiatriques liés à la consommation de cannabis Alain DERVAUX, Marie-Odile KREBS , Xavier LAQUEILLE Bulletin de l'Académie Nationale de Médecine, 2014, 198, no 3, 559-577, séance du 25 mars 2014   RÉSUMÉ Plusieurs études ont montré que le Δ-9-THC, principal principe actif du cannabis entraînait des troubles de l’attention, de la mémoire et des fonctions exécutives. Ils sont liés à la dose, à la fréquence, à la durée d’exposition et à l’âge de la première consommation. Ils peuvent disparaître après sevrage, mais des anomalies durables s’observent chez les sujets ayant débuté leur consommation avant l’âge de 15 ans. La fréquence de [...]

Lire la suite

A spider derived peptide, PnPP-19, induces central antinociception mediated by opioid and cannabinoid systems, Daniela da Fonseca Pacheco et al.,

A spider derived peptide, PnPP-19, induces central antinociception mediated by opioid and cannabinoid systems Daniela da Fonseca Pacheco, Ana Cristina Nogueira Freitas, Adriano Monteiro C. Pimenta, Igor Dimitri Gama Duarte and Maria Elena de Lima Journal of Venomous Animals and Toxins including Tropical Diseases, 2016, 22, 34, Doi : 10.1186/s40409-016-0091-6   Abstract Background : Some peptides purified from the venom of the spider Phoneutria nigriventer have been identified as potential sources of drugs for pain treatment. In this study, we characterized the antinociceptive effect of the peptide PnPP-19 on the central nervous system and investigated the possible involvement of opioid and cannabinoid systems in its action [...]

Lire la suite

Cannabidiol Protects Dopaminergic Neuronal Cells from Cadmium, Jacopo Junio Valerio Branca et al., 2019

Cannabidiol Protects Dopaminergic Neuronal Cells from Cadmium Jacopo Junio Valerio Branca, Gabriele Morucci, Matteo Becatti, Donatello Carrino, Carla Ghelardini, Massimo Gulisano, Lorenzo Di Cesare Mannelli  Alessandra Pacini International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019, 16, 4420. doi : 10.3390/ijerph16224420   Abstract The protective effect of cannabidiol (CBD), the non-psychoactive component of Cannabis sativa, against neuronal toxicity induced by cadmium chloride (CdCl2 10 M) was investigated in a retinoic acid (RA)-dierentiated SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cell line. CBD (1 M) was applied 24 h before and removed during cadmium (Cd) treatment. In dierentiated neuronal cells, CBD significantly reduced the Cd-dependent decrease of cell viability, and the rapid [...]

Lire la suite

Transdermal Delivery of Cannabidiol Attenuates Binge Alcohol- Induced Neurodegeneration in a Rodent Model of an Alcohol Use Disorder, Daniel J. Liput et al., 2013

Transdermal Delivery of Cannabidiol Attenuates Binge Alcohol- Induced Neurodegeneration in a Rodent Model of an Alcohol Use Disorder Daniel J. Liput, Dana C. Hammell, Audra L. Stinchcomb, and Kimberly Nixon Pharmacology, Biochemistry and  Behavior, 2013, 111, 120–127. doi : 10.1016/j.pbb.2013.08.013   Abstract Excessive alcohol consumption, characteristic of alcohol use disorders, results in neurodegeneration and behavioral and cognitive impairments that are hypothesized to contribute to the chronic and relapsing nature of alcoholism. Therefore, the current study aimed to advance the preclinical development of transdermal delivery of cannabidiol (CBD) for the treatment of alcohol-induced neurodegeneration. In experiment 1, 1.0%, 2.5% and 5.0% CBD gels were evaluated for neuroprotection. [...]

Lire la suite

The Role of MDMA Neurotoxicity in Anxiety, Casey R. Guillot et al., 2007

The Role of MDMA Neurotoxicity in Anxiety Casey R. Guillot, Mitchell E. Berman and Brenton R. Abadie In : Neurotoxicity Syndromes, Chapter I ISBN: 978-1-60021-797-5 Editor: Linda R. Webster, pp. 1 - 36 © 2007 Nova Science Publishers, Inc. Abstract The drug 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA; Ecstasy) long has been considered a neurotoxin selective for serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT) axons in rats and nonhuman primates. MDMA is also thought to have the potential to cause persistent serotonergic alterations in humans. Since the serotonin system is involved in the regulation of anxiety, researchers have proposed that recreational Ecstasy users may be at risk for the development of anxiety disorders and symptoms. [...]

Lire la suite