Étiquette : model psychoses

What Can We Learn About Schizophrenia From Studying the Human Model, Drug-Induced Psychosis ?, Robin M. Murray et al., 2013

What Can We Learn About Schizophrenia From Studying the Human Model, Drug-Induced Psychosis ? Robin M. Murray, Alessandra Paparelli, Paul D. Morrison, Arianna Marconi, and Marta Di Forti American Journal of Medical Genetics, Part B, 2013, 162B, 661–670. Doi : 10.1002/ajmg.b.32177   When drug-induced psychoses were first identified in the mid- 20th century, schizophrenia was considered a discrete disease with a likely genetic cause. Consequently, drug-induced psychoses were not considered central to understanding schizophrenia as they were thought to be phenocopies rather than examples of the illness secondary to a particular known cause. However, now that we know that schizophrenia is a clinical syndrome with [...]

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Bibliographie : Mescaline et Peyotl, Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, avril 2020.

Bibliographie : Mescaline et Peyotl   Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, avril 2020.   1 - Mescaline et Peyotl, Histoire et culture : 1 - 2 2 - Neuro-Psychophysiologie de la mescaline : 3 - 4 3 - Pharmacologie de la mescaline : 5 - 7 4 - Toxicologie de la mescaline : 8 5 - Complications psychiatriques de la mescaline : 8 6 - Ethnopharmacologie du Peyotl : 9 - 11 7 - Mescaline et thérapie psychédélique : 12 - 13    

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Modern Clinical Research on LSD, Matthias E Liechti, 2017

Modern Clinical Research on LSD Matthias E Liechti Neuropsychopharmacology, 2017, 42, 2114–2127. doi : 10.1038/npp.2017.86   All modern clinical studies using the classic hallucinogen lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in healthy subjects or patients in the last 25 years are reviewed herein. There were five recent studies in healthy participants and one in patients. In a controlled setting, LSD acutely induced bliss, audiovisual synesthesia, altered meaning of perceptions, derealization, depersonalization, and mystical experiences. These subjective effects of LSD were mediated by the 5-HT2A receptor. LSD increased feelings of closeness to others, openness, trust, and suggestibility. LSD impaired the recognition of sad and fearful faces, reduced left [...]

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Psychological Explorations of the Magic Mushroom (Psilocybin) Experience, Part II : Neuropsychological Measures José Arturo Costa Escobar & Antonio Roazzi, 2011

Psychological Explorations of the Magic Mushroom (Psilocybin) Experience, Part II : Neuropsychological Measures José Arturo Costa Escobar, M.S., Antonio Roazzi, Ph.D. Neurobiologia, 2011, 74, (3-4), 99-112.   ABSTRACT Some investigations conducted with psilocybin and mushrooms of the Psilocybe genus on the human mind point to a peculiarity of these substances to promote a special state of consciousness. The present study measured the effects of dehydrated magic mushrooms on human visual processes and memory utilizing tasks in a pre- and post-test form. We observed defi cits in visual working memory and these results were consistent with other, recent psilocybin studies. However this and other visual mechanisms [...]

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BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : Pharmacologie, Neurophysiologie, Psychologie, Spiritualité…, Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, décembre 2019

BIBLIOGRAPHIE : Substances psychédéliques : Pharmacologie, Neurophysiologie, Psychologie,   Dr Christian SUEUR, GRECC, décembre 2019   Cf également : Bibliographie : Thérapies psychédéliques, Bibliographie : Substances psychédéliques, Culture, Spiritualité, Chamanisme Bibliographie : Psilocybine, Bibliographie : LSD, Bibliographie : Ayahuasca….  

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Psychedelics, David E. Nichols, 2016

Psychedelics David E. Nichols Pharmacological Review, 2016, 68, 264–355 http://dx.doi.org/10.1124/pr.115.011478   Abstract . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .266 I. Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . [...]

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Lysergic Acid Diethylamide and Psilocybin Revisited, Mark A. Geyer, 2015

Lysergic Acid Diethylamide and Psilocybin Revisited Mark A. Geyer Biological Psychiatry, 2015, Volume 78, Issue 8, 544-553 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.08.003   The past decade brought the beginnings of a renaissance in research on psychedelic drugs. Two articles in this issue of Biological Psychiatry signify that the resurrection of this long ignored topic has begun to mature and bear at least the promise of fruit. In the early 1970s, the onset of the “War on Drugs” brought with it a near-total hiatus in serious research on psychedelic drugs, especially in the United States. The resumption of credible work in this area has come from Switzerland, where many of [...]

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Acute Effects of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide in Healthy Subjects, Yasmin Schmid et al., 2014,

Acute Effects of Lysergic Acid Diethylamide in Healthy Subjects Yasmin Schmid, Florian Enzler, Peter Gasser, Eric Grouzmann, Katrin H. Preller, Franz X. Vollenweider, Rudolf Brenneisen, Felix Müller, Stefan Borgwardt, and Matthias E. Liechti Biological Psychiatry, 2014, Vol. 78, 8, 544-553 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.11.015   ABSTRACT BACKGROUND : After no research in humans for .40 years, there is renewed interest in using lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) in clinical psychiatric research and practice. There are no modern studies on the subjective and autonomic effects of LSD, and its endocrine effects are unknown. In animals, LSD disrupts prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the acoustic startle response, and patients with schizophrenia exhibit similar [...]

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Model Psychoses Induced by LSD-25 in Normals. I. Psychophysiological Investigations, with Special Reference to the Mechanism of the Paranoid Reaction, Nicolas A. Bercelet al., 1956

Model Psychoses Induced by LSD-25 in Normals. I. Psychophysiological Investigations, with Special Reference to the Mechanism of the Paranoid Reaction Nicolas A. Bercel, Lee E. Travis, Leonard B. Olinger & E. Dreikurs AMA Archives of Neurology and Psychiatry, 1956, 588-611 republishing :Psychopathology: A Source Book (pp. 605–639). DOI: https://doi.org/10.4159/harvard.9780674367012 Keywords : Cardiovascular Agents, Ergot Alkaloids, adverse effects, Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, Mental Disorders, Oxytocics, Paranoid Disorders, Psychotic Disorders INTRODUCTION Experimental psychosis has a long history. It might have started with the administration of Cannabis indica boiling in wine to the ancient Hun warriors, resulting in mental obfuscation, as they were prepared for surgery because of wounds sustained in battle. [...]

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Psychopathology and Psychophysiology of Minimal LSD-25 Dosage. A Preliminary Dosage-Response Spectrum, Theodore GREINER et al., 1958

Psychopathology and Psychophysiology of Minimal LSD-25 Dosage. A Preliminary Dosage-Response Spectrum Theodore GREINER, Neil R. BURCH, Robert  EDELBERG AMA, Archives of  Neurology & Psychiatry, 1958, 79, (2), 208-210. doi:10.1001/archneurpsyc.1958.02340020088016 Abstract Despite 14 years of investigation, as intensive as accorded any biologically active chemical, a gap remains in the systematic description of human response to lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD-25). The dramatic schizophrenic-like symptoms after doses of 40 μg to 100 μg have drawn the main interest. The threshold for activity is placed at 20 μg by general consensus, while perfunctory administration of smaller doses has left their effect uncertain. Accompanying those pharmacologic demonstrations has been [...]

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