Étiquette : génétique

Medicinal cannabis for psychiatric disorders: a clinically-focused systematic review, Jerome Sarris et al., 2020

Medicinal cannabis for psychiatric disorders: a clinically-focused systematic review Jerome Sarris, Justin Sinclair, Diana Karamacoska, Maggie Davidson and Joseph Firth BMC Psychiatry, 2020, 20, 24, 1-14. Doi : 10.1186/s12888-019-2409-8   Abstract Background : Medicinal cannabis has received increased research attention over recent years due to loosening global regulatory changes. Medicinal cannabis has been reported to have potential efficacy in reducing pain, muscle spasticity, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and intractable childhood epilepsy. Yet its potential application in the field of psychiatry is lesser known. Methods : The first clinically-focused systematic review on the emerging medical application of cannabis across all major psychiatric disorders was conducted. Current evidence regarding [...]

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Cannabis Systematics at the Levels of Family, Genus, and Species, John M. McPartland, 2018

Cannabis Systematics at the Levels of Family, Genus, and Species John M. McPartland Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2018, Volume 3.1, 203- Doi : 10.1089/can.2018.0039   Abstract New concepts are reviewed in Cannabis systematics, including phylogenetics and nomenclature. The family Cannabaceae now includes Cannabis, Humulus, and eight genera formerly in the Celtidaceae. Grouping Cannabis, Humulus, and Celtis actually goes back 250 years. Print fossil of the extinct genus Dorofeevia (=Humularia) reveals that Cannabis lost a sibling perhaps 20 million years ago (mya). Cannabis print fossils are rare (n = 3 worldwide), making it difficult to determine when and where she evolved. A molecular clock analysis with chloroplast [...]

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Acute effects of delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on resting state brain function and their modulation by COMT genotype, Matthijs G. Bossong et al., 2019

Acute effects of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) on resting state brain function and their modulation by COMT genotype Matthijs G. Bossong, Hendrika H. van Hell, Chris D. Schubart, Wesley van Saane, Tabitha A. Iseger, Gerry Jager, Matthias J.P. van Osch, J. Martijn Jansma, René S. Kahn, Marco P. Boks, Nick F. Ramsey European Neuropsychopharmacology, 2019, 13, 56, 1–11 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2019.03.010   Abstract Cannabis produces a broad range of acute, dose-dependent psychotropic effects. Only a limited number of neuroimaging studies have mapped these effects by examining the impact of cannabis on resting state brain neurophysiology. Moreover, how genetic variation influences the acute effects of cannabis on resting state brain function [...]

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An Overview of Galenic Preparation Methods for Medicinal Cannabis, Luigi Romano and Arno Hazekamp, 2018

An Overview of Galenic Preparation Methods for Medicinal Cannabis Luigi Romano and Arno Hazekamp Current Bioactive Compounds, 2018, 14, DOI: 10.2174/1573407214666180612080412   Abstract : In recent years, the Cannabis plant (Cannabis sativa L.) has been rediscovered as a source of new medicines around the world. Despite the fact that a number of registered medicines have been developed on the basis of purified cannabis components, there is a rapid increasing acceptance and use of cannabis in its herbal form. Licensed producers of high quality cannabis plants now operate in various countries including The Netherlands, Canada, Israel, and Australia, and in many US states. The legal availability of [...]

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Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia, Ethan B. Russo et al., 2008

Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia Ethan B. Russo, Hong-En Jiang, Xiao Li, Alan Sutton, Andrea Carboni, Francesca del Bianco, Giuseppe Mandolino, David J. Potter, You-Xing Zhao, Subir Bera, Yong-Bing Zhang, En Guo Lu, David K. Ferguson, Francis Hueber, Liang-Cheng Zhao, Chang-Jiang Liu, Yu-Fei Wang and Cheng-Sen Li Journal of Experimental Botany, 2008, Vol. 59, No. 15, pp. 4171–4182, doi:10.1093/jxb/ern260 Abstract The Yanghai Tombs near Turpan, Xinjiang-Uighur Autonomous Region, China have recently been excavated to reveal the 2700-year-old grave of a Caucasoid shaman whose accoutrements included a large cache of cannabis, superbly preserved by climatic and burial conditions. A multidisciplinary international [...]

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Familial abnormalities of endocannabinoid signaling in schizophrenia, Dagmar Koethe et al., 2018

Familial abnormalities of endocannabinoid signaling in schizophrenia Dagmar Koethe, Franziska Pahlisch, Martin Hellmich , Cathrin Rohleder , Juliane K. Mueller, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg , E. Fuller Torrey, Daniele Piomelli and F. Markus Leweke, THE WORLD JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL PSYCHIATRY, 2018 https://doi.org/10.1080/15622975.2018.1449966 ABSTRACT Objectives : Epidemiological and experimental evidence suggests that the endocannabinoid system plays a pathophysiological role in schizophrenia. This is reflected by elevated cerebrospinal levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide in schizophrenia and its initial prodromal states. Methods : We analyzed plasma concentrations of anandamide, 2-arachidonoyl-sn-glycerol, palmitoylethanolamide and oleoylethanolamide from 25 twin pairs discordant for schizophrenia, six discordant for bipolar disorder and eight healthy twin pairs to [...]

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Cannabis Use in Pregnancy. A Tale of 2 Concerns, Michael Silverstein et al., 2019

Cannabis Use in Pregnancy. A Tale of 2 Concerns Michael Silverstein, MD, MPH1,2; Elizabeth A. Howell, MD, MPH3; Barry Zuckerman, MD1 JAMA. Published online June 18, 2019. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.8860 Original Investigation Association Between Self-reported Prenatal Cannabis Use and Maternal, Perinatal, and Neonatal Outcomes Daniel J. Corsi, PhD; Laura Walsh, MSc; Deborah Weiss, PhD; Helen Hsu, MD; Darine El-Chaar, MD; Steven Hawken, PhD; Deshayne B. Fell, PhD; Mark Walker, MD Research Letter Medical and Nonmedical Cannabis Use Among Pregnant Women in the United States Nora D. Volkow, MD; Beth Han, MD, PhD, MPH; Wilson M. Compton, MD, MPE; Elinore F. McCance-Katz, MD, PhD Full Text, https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/article-abstract/2736581   In an article in JAMA, Corsi and colleagues1 present the results of a retrospective cohort study of 661 617 women designed to assess associations between maternal cannabis use during pregnancy and adverse obstetrical and [...]

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Cannabis Chemovar Nomenclature Misrepresents Chemical and Genetic Diversity; Survey of Variations in Chemical Profiles and Genetic Markers in Nevada Medical Cannabis Samples, Ulrich Reimann-Philipp et al., 2019

Cannabis Chemovar Nomenclature Misrepresents Chemical and Genetic Diversity; Survey of Variations in Chemical Profiles and Genetic Markers in Nevada Medical Cannabis Samples Ulrich Reimann-Philipp, Mark Speck, Cindy Orser, Steve Johnson, Aaron Hilyard, Helen Turner, Alexander J. Stokes, and Andrea L. Small-Howard Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, Volume X, Number X, 2019 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. DOI: 10.1089/can.2018.0063   Abstract Introduction : Medical cannabis patients receive clinical benefits from the secondary metabolites of the plant, which contain a variety of cannabinoids and terpenoids in combinations that can be used to classify the chemovars. State-regulated medical cannabis programs rely on breeder-reported ‘‘strain’’ names both within diversion control systems and to [...]

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Regulatory Barriers to Research on Cannabis and Cannabinoids : A Proposed Path Forward, Daniele Piomelli et al., 2019

Regulatory Barriers to Research on Cannabis and Cannabinoids : A Proposed Path Forward Daniele Piomelli, Robert Solomon, Donald Abrams, Agnes Balla, Igor Grant, Thomas Marcotte, and John Yoder Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, Volume 4, Number 1, 2019 Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. DOI: 10.1089/can.2019.0010   After a century of criminalization, the United States and other industrialized countries are experiencing a dramatic shift in their social and legal attitudes toward cannabis. As of January 2019, 10 states (including California) and the District of Columbia have legalized the plant and its products for both medical and adult recreational use, whereas 24 other states have decriminalized its use as medicine.1 [...]

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Cannabis – from cultivar to chemovar, A. Hazekamp and J. T. Fischedick, 2012

Cannabis - from cultivar to chemovar A. Hazekamp and J. T. Fischedick Drug Testing and Analysis, 2012, (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI 10.1002/dta.407, Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.   Abstract : The medicinal use of Cannabis is increasing as countries worldwide are setting up official programs to provide patients with access to safe sources of medicinal-grade Cannabis. An important question that remains to be answered is which of the many varieties of Cannabis should be made available for medicinal use. Drug varieties of Cannabis are commonly distinguished through the use of popular names, with a major distinction being made between Indica and Sativa types. Although more than [...]

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