Étiquette : epilepsie

Comparison of the Neurotoxic and Seizure-Inducing Effects of Synthetic and Endogenous Cannabinoids with Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol

Comparison of the Neurotoxic and Seizure-Inducing Effects of Synthetic and Endogenous Cannabinoids with Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Chris S. Breivogel, Jacob R. Wells, Amreen Jonas, Artik H. Mistry, Morgan L. Gravley, Rajul M. Patel, Brianna E. Whithorn, and Bonnie M. Brenseke Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Volume X, Number X DOI: 10.1089/can.2019.0003 Abstract Introduction : Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are commonly found in preparations used as recreational drugs. Although severe adverse health effects are not generally associated with cannabis use, a rising number of studies document seizures and even death after SC use. In this study, a mouse model is used to investigate the hypothesis that SCs are more [...]

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Could Cannabidiol be a Treatment Option for Intractable Childhood and Adolescent Epilepsy ?, Chung Mo Koo et al., 2017

Could Cannabidiol be a Treatment Option for Intractable Childhood and Adolescent Epilepsy ? Chung Mo Koo, Hoon-Chul Kang Journal of Epilepsy Research, 2017, 7, 16-20. pISSN 2233-6249 / eISSN 2233-6257 www.kes.or.kr   Epilepsy is an important disease that affects brain function, particularly in those under 3 years old. Uncontrolled seizures can affect cognitive function and quality of life. For these reasons, many trials have been conducted to investigate treatments for pediatric epilepsy. Currently, many antiepileptic drugs are available for the treatment of epilepsy, but cases of intractable epilepsy continue to exist. In the past, cannabis has been tested as a potential treatment of intractable epilepsy. Since [...]

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Don’t Fear the Reefer—Evidence Mounts for Plant-Based Cannabidiol as Treatment for Epilepsy, Commentary, M. Scott Perry, 2019

Don’t Fear the Reefer—Evidence Mounts for Plant-Based Cannabidiol as Treatment for Epilepsy - Commentary M. Scott Perry Epilepsy Currents, 2019, Vol. 19, (2), 93-95 DOI: 10.1177/1535759719835671   Effect of Cannabidiol on Drop Seizures in the Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome Devinsky O, Patel AD, Cross JH, et al; GWPCARE3 Study Group. N Engl J Med, 2018, 378, 1888-1897. Background : Cannabidiol has been used for treatment-resistant seizures in patients with severe early-onset epilepsy. We investigated the efficacy and safety of cannabidiol added to a regimen of conventional antiepileptic medication to treat drop seizures in patients with the Lennox-Gastaut syndrome, a severe developmental epileptic encephalopathy. Methods : In this double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted [...]

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Dosage Related Efficacy and Tolerability of Cannabidiol in Children With Treatment-Resistant Epileptic Encephalopathy : Preliminary Results of the CARE-E Study, Richard J. Huntsman et al., 2019

Dosage Related Efficacy and Tolerability of Cannabidiol in Children With Treatment-Resistant Epileptic Encephalopathy : Preliminary Results of the CARE-E Study Richard J. Huntsman, Richard Tang-Wai, Jane Alcorn, Stephanie Vuong, Bryan Acton1,5, Scott Corley, Robert Laprairie, Andrew W. Lyon, Simona Meier, Darrell D. Mousseau, Doris Newmeyer, Erin Prosser-Loose, Blair Seifert, Jose Tellez-Zenteno, Linda Huh, Edward Leung and Philippe Major Frontiers in  Neurology, 2019, 10:716. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2019.00716   Purpose : There is uncertainty regarding the appropriate dose of Cannabidiol (CBD) for childhood epilepsy. We present the preliminary data of seven participants from the Cannabidiol in Children with Refractory Epileptic Encephalopathy (CARE-E) study. Methods : The study is an open-label, [...]

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The protocol for the Cannabidiol in children with refractory epileptic encephalopathy (CARE-E) study : a phase 1 dosage escalation study, Darren Reithmeier et al., 2018

The protocol for the Cannabidiol in children with refractory epileptic encephalopathy (CARE-E) study : a phase 1 dosage escalation study Darren Reithmeier, Richard Tang-Wai, Blair Seifert, Andrew W. Lyon, Jane Alcorn, Bryan Acton, Scott Corley, Erin Prosser-Loose, Darrell D. Mousseau, Hyun J. Lim, Jose Tellez-Zenteno, Linda Huh, Edward Leung, Lionel Carmant and Richard J. Huntsman BMC Pediatrics, 2018, 18:221 https://doi.org/10.1186/s12887-018-1191-y   Abstract Background : Initial studies suggest pharmaceutical grade cannabidiol (CBD) can reduce the frequency of convulsive seizures and lead to improvements in quality of life in children affected by epileptic encephalopathies. With limited access to pharmaceutical CBD, Cannabis extracts in oil are becoming increasingly available. [...]

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A prospective open-label trial of a CBD/THC cannabis oil in dravet syndrome, Blathnaid McCoy et al., 2018

A prospective open-label trial of a CBD/THC cannabis oil in dravet syndrome Blathnaid McCoy, Laura Wang, Maria Zak, Sameer Al-Mehmadi, Nadia Kabir, Kenda Alhadid, Kyla McDonald, Grace Zhang, Rohit Sharma, Robyn Whitney, Katia Sinopoli & O. Carter Snead III Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology, 2018, 5, (9), 1077–1088 doi: 10.1002/acn3.621   Abstract Introduction : Both D9 Tetrahydrocannabidiol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) components of cannabis, have been shown to have anticonvulsant effects. Cannabis oils are used to treat seizures in drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). Recent trials provide data on dosing, side effects, and efficacy of CBD, yet there is a paucity of information on THC in epilepsy. Primary [...]

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Cannabidiol attenuates seizures and EEG abnormalities in Angelman syndrome, Bin GU et al., 2019 model mice,

Cannabidiol attenuates seizures and EEG abnormalities in Angelman syndrome model mice. Bin Gu, Manhua Zhu, Madison R. Glass, Marie Rougié, Viktoriya D. Nikolova, Sheryl S. Moy, Paul R. Carney, and Benjamin D. Philpot Journal of Clinical Investigation, 2019 Sep 10, pii: 130419. doi : 10.1172/JCI130419 PMID : 31503547 Abstract Angelman syndrome (AS) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by intellectual disability, lack of speech, ataxia, EEG abnormalities, and epilepsy. Seizures in AS individuals are common, debilitating, and often drug-resistant. Therefore, there is an unmet need for better treatment options. Cannabidiol (CBD), a major phytocannabinoid constituent of cannabis, has antiseizure activity and behavioral benefits in preclinical and [...]

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EC Clears Cannabidiol for Severe Forms of Epilepsy – Medscape -Deborah Brauser,  Sep 23, 2019.

EC Clears Cannabidiol for Severe Forms of Epilepsy Deborah Brauser Medscape Medical News © September 23, 2019   The European Commission (EC) has approved the add-on use of cannabidiol oral solution (Epidyolex, GW Pharmaceuticals) for treating seizures associated with two severe forms of epilepsy, the manufacturer reports. The indication for the drug in the EC's marketing authorization is for use as adjunctive therapy with clobazam (multiple brands) in patients ages 2 and older who have Lennox-Gastaut syndrome (LGS) or Dravet syndrome. As reported by Medscape Medical News, the European Medicine's Agency's (EMA's) Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use recommended approval for the drug in July. A year earlier, [...]

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Priority Considerations for Medicinal Cannabis-Related Research, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller et al.,

Priority Considerations for Medicinal Cannabis-Related Research Marcel O. Bonn-Miller, Charles V. Pollack, Jr., David Casarett, Richard Dart, Mahmoud ElSohly, Larry Good, Manuel Guzman, Lumır Hanus, Kevin P. Hill, Marilyn A. Huestis, Eric Marsh, Susan Sisley, Nancy Skinner, Judith Spahr, Ryan Vandrey, Eugene Viscusi, Mark A. Ware, and Donald Abrams Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Volume 4, Number 3, 1-19. DOI: 10.1089/can.2019.0045   Keywords : medicinal cannabis; medical marijuana   Introduction and Rationale The National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine’s 2017 publication The Health Effects of Cannabis and Cannabinoids: The Current State of Evidence and Recommendations for Research provided a significant contribution by synthesizing the existing evidence base [...]

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Clinicians’ Guide to Cannabidiol and Hemp Oils, Harrison J. VanDolah et al., 2019

Clinicians’ Guide to Cannabidiol and Hemp Oils Harrison J. VanDolah, Brent A. Bauer, and Karen F. Mauck  Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 2019, 94, (9), 1840-1851 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2019.01.003   Abstract Cannabidiol (CBD) oils are low tetrahydrocannabinol products derived from Cannabis sativa that have become very popular over the past few years. Patients report relief for a variety of conditions, particularly pain, without the intoxicating adverse effects of medical marijuana. In June 2018, the first CBD-based drug, Epidiolex, was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for treatment of rare, severe epilepsy, further putting the spotlight on CBD and hemp oils. There is a growing body of preclinical and [...]

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