Étiquette : epilepsie

L’Agence du médicament donne son feu vert à l’expérimentation du cannabis thérapeutique en France, franceinfo avec AFPFrance Télévisions, 11/07/2019 | 11:24

L'Agence du médicament donne son feu vert à l'expérimentation du cannabis thérapeutique en France L'ANSM suit ainsi les recommandations d'un groupe d'experts qui avait pour mission d'évaluer la pertinence et la faisabilité de la mise à disposition du cannabis. L'Agence du médicament (ANSM) a donné son accord jeudi 11 juillet 2019 pour une expérimentation du cannabis thérapeutique en France.  (MIGUEL MEDINA / AFP) franceinfo avec AFPFrance Télévisions Mis à jour le 11/07/2019 | 12:21 publié le 11/07/2019 | 11:24 https://www.francetvinfo.fr/sante/drogue-addictions/cannabis/l-agence-du-medicament-donne-son-feu-vert-pour-l-experimentation-du-cannabis-therapeutique-en-france_3530989.html   C'est un pas de plus vers la légalisation, encadrée, du cannabis à visée thérapeutique. L'Agence nationale du médicament (ANSM) a donné son accord jeudi 11 juillet pour une expérimentation [...]

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Cannabidiol reduces seizures and associated behavioral comorbidities in a range of animal seizure and epilepsy models, Pabitra Hriday Patra et al., 2018

Cannabidiol reduces seizures and associated behavioral comorbidities in a range of animal seizure and epilepsy models Pabitra Hriday Patra, Melissa Barker-Haliski, H. Steve White, Benjamin J. Whalley, Sarah Glyn, Haramrit Sandhu, Nicholas Jones, Michael Bazelot, Claire M. Williams, Alister James McNeish Epilepsia, 2018, 1–12. DOI: 10.1111/epi.14629 Summary Objective : Epilepsy is a progressive neurological disease characterized by recurrent seizures and behavioral comorbidities. We investigated the antiseizure effect of cannabidiol (CBD) in a battery of acute seizure models. Additionally, we defined the disease‐modifying potential of chronic oral administration of CBD on associated comorbidities in the reduced intensity status epilepticus–spontaneous recurrent seizures (RISE‐SRS) model of temporal lobe [...]

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Cannabidiol : Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders, Orrin Devinsky et al., 2014

Cannabidiol : Pharmacology and potential therapeutic role in epilepsy and other neuropsychiatric disorders Orrin Devinsky, Maria Roberta Cilio, Helen Cross, Javier Fernandez-Ruiz, Jacqueline French, Charlotte Hill, Russell Katz, Vincenzo Di Marzo, Didier Jutras-Aswad, William George Notcutt, Jose Martinez-Orgado, Philip J. Robson, Brian G. Rohrback, Elizabeth Thiele, Benjamin Whalley, and Daniel Friedman Epilepsia, 2014, 55, 6, 791–802, doi: 10.1111/epi.12631   SUMMARY To present a summary of current scientific evidence about the cannabinoid, cannabidiol (CBD) with regard to its relevance to epilepsy and other selected neuropsychiatric disorders.Wesummarize the presentations from a conference in which invited participants reviewed relevant aspects of the physiology, mechanisms of action, pharmacology, and data [...]

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Marijuana Compounds: A Non-Conventional Therapeutic Approach to Epilepsy in Children, Mariana Babayeva et al., 2014

Marijuana Compounds : A Non-Conventional Therapeutic Approach to Epilepsy in Children Mariana Babayeva, Malka Fuzailov, Paulina Rozenfeld and Paramita Basu Journal of Addiction and Neuropharmacology, 2014, 1, 1, 002   Abstract Epilepsy in children is a complex disease, with a variety of distinct syndromes and many alternative treatment options. Even with a plethora of available treatment options, childhood epilepsies are commonly associated with seizures that are resistant to existing treatment methods. Treatment of pediatric epilepsy is challenging and requires more effective therapy to avoid short-term and longterm neurological disorders. Marijuana has been used to treat disease since ancient times. Marijuana ingredients Cannabidiol (CBD) and D9- Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) [...]

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Introduction to Recent Advances in Cannabinoid Research, Robert B Laprairie and Will Costain, 20169

Introduction to Recent Advances in Cannabinoid Research Robert B Laprairie and Will Costain © 2016 The Author(s). Licensee InTechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons; Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0), Abstract On October 17, 2018, Canada became the first G20 nation to legalize the use of Cannabis sativa for both medicinal and recreational purposes. This change in legislation and end of prohibition are indicative of a larger global movement to understand Cannabis—and the bioactive chemicals present within Cannabis known as the cannabinoids—for its potential biomedical uses, harms, and economic values. Currently, interest in Cannabis and cannabinoid research is surging as the [...]

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Long-Term Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Cannabidiol in Children with Refractory Epilepsy : Results from an Expanded Access Program in the US, Tristan T. Sands et al., 2018

Long-Term Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of Cannabidiol in Children with Refractory Epilepsy: Results from an Expanded Access Program in the US Tristan T. Sands, Shahryar Rahdari, Michael S. Oldham, Eduardo Caminha Nunes, Nicole Tilton & Maria Roberta Cilio CNS Drugs, 2018 DOI : 10.1007/s40263-018-0589-2    Abstract Background : Purified cannabidiol is a new antiepileptic drug that has recently been approved for use in patients with Lennox–Gastaut and Dravet syndromes, but most published studies have not extended beyond 12–16 weeks. Objective :  The objective of this study was to evaluate the long-term safety, tolerability, and efficacy of cannabidiol in children with epilepsy. Methods : Patients aged 1–17 years with refractory epilepsy were enrolled in an open-label [...]

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Cannabis‐based products for pediatric epilepsy : A systematic review, Jesse Elliott et al., 2018

Cannabis‐based products for pediatric epilepsy : A systematic review Jesse Elliott, Deirdre DeJean, Tammy Clifford, Doug Coyle, Beth K. Potter, Becky Skidmore, Christine Alexander, Alexander E. Repetski, Vijay Shukla, Bláthnaid McCoy, George A. Wells, Epilepsia, 2018, 1-14. DOI: 10.1111/epi.14608   Summary Objective : To assess the benefits and harms of cannabis‐based products for pediatric epilepsy. Methods : We identified in this living systematic review randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and nonrandomized studies (NRSs) involving children with epilepsy treated with cannabis‐based products. We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, and gray literature (April 25, 2018). The primary outcome was seizure freedom; secondary outcomes were seizure frequency (total, ≥50% reduction), quality of life, sleep, status epilepticus, death, gastrointestinal adverse [...]

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Les Phyto-cannabinoïdes Non-psychotropes : Les nouvelles Opportunités d’une plante ancienne, Angelo A. Izzo, Raphael Mechoulam et al., 2009

Les Phyto-cannabinoïdes Non-psychotropes* : Les nouvelles Opportunités d'une plante ancienne.(*NdT : non-stupéfiants) Angelo A. Izzo, Francesca Borrelli, Raffaele Capasso, Vincenzo Di Marzo and Raphael Mechoulam Trends in Pharmacological Sciences - CELL Press, 2009, 30, 10, 515-27. doi: 10.1016/j.tips.2009.07.006.   Le Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9THC) se lie aux récepteurs endocannabinoïdes (CB1 et CB2) qui sont activés par les cannabinoïdes endogènes (endocannabinoïdes) et qui sont impliqués dans une large gamme de processus physiopathologiques (exemple: modulation de la libération de neurotransmetteurs, régulation de la perception de la douleur, régulation des fonctions cardiovasculaires, gastro-intestinales et hépatiques). Les effets psychotropes bien connus du Δ9THC qui sont véhiculés par l'activation des récepteurs CB1 [...]

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Randomized, dose-ranging safety trial of cannabidiol in Dravet syndrome, Orrin Devinsky et al., 2018

Randomized, dose-ranging safety trial of cannabidiol in Dravet syndrome Orrin Devinsky,  Anup D. Patel, Elizabeth A. Thiele, Matthew H. Wong,  Richard Appleton, Cynthia L. Harden, Sam Greenwood,  Gilmour Morrison, and Kenneth Sommerville,  On behalf of the GWPCARE1 Part A Study Group Neurology® 2018, 0:e1-e8.   doi:10.1212/WNL.0000000000005254 Abstract Objective : To evaluate the safety and preliminary pharmacokinetics of a pharmaceutical formulation of purified cannabidiol (CBD) in children with Dravet syndrome. Methods : Patients aged 4–10 years were randomized 4:1 to CBD (5, 10, or 20 mg/kg/d) or placebo taken twice daily. The double-blind trial comprised 4-week baseline, 3-week treatment (including titration), 10-day taper, and 4-week follow-up periods. Completers [...]

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A Phase 1, Open-Label, Pharmacokinetic Trial to Investigate Possible Drug-Drug Interactions Between Clobazam, Stiripentol, or Valproate and Cannabidiol in Healthy Subjects, G. Morrison et al., , 2019

A Phase 1, Open-Label, Pharmacokinetic Trial to Investigate Possible Drug-Drug Interactions Between Clobazam, Stiripentol, or Valproate and Cannabidiol in Healthy Subjects. G. Morrison, J. Crockett, G. Blakey, K. Sommerville Clinical Pharmacology in Drug Development, 2019, PMID : 30791225, DOI : 10.1002/cpdd.665 Abstract GW Pharmaceuticals' formulation of highly purified cannabidiol oral solution is approved in the United States for seizures associated with Lennox-Gastaut and Dravet syndromes in patients aged ≥2 years, for which clobazam, stiripentol, and valproate are commonly used antiepileptic drugs. This open-label, fixed-sequence, drug-drug interaction, healthy volunteer trial investigated the impact of cannabidiol on steady-state pharmacokinetics of clobazam (and N-desmethylclobazam), stiripentol, and valproate; [...]

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