Étiquette : CB1 recepteur

Use of Medicinal Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabinoids in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : A Systematic Review, Laura Orsolini et al., 2019

Use of Medicinal Cannabis and Synthetic Cannabinoids in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) : A Systematic Review Laura Orsolini, Stefania Chiappini, Umberto Volpe, Domenico De Berardis, Roberto Latini, Gabriele Duccio Papanti  and John Martin Corkery Medicina, 2019, 55, 525, 1-14 doi : 10.3390/medicina55090525 www.mdpi.com/journal/medicina Abstract : Background and Objectives : Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a common psychiatric disorder resulting from a traumatic event, is manifested through hyperarousal, anxiety, depressive symptoms, and sleep disturbances. Despite several therapeutic approaches being available, both pharmacological and psychological, recently a growing interest has developed in using cannabis and synthetic cannabinoids stems from their consideration as more efficient and better tolerated alternatives [...]

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In vitro and in vivo pharmacological activity of minor cannabinoids isolated from Cannabis sativa, Ayat Zagzoog et al., 2020

In vitro and in vivo pharmacological activity of minor cannabinoids isolated from Cannabis sativa Ayat Zagzoog, Kawthar A. Mohamed, Hye Ji J. Kim, Eunhyun D. Kim, Connor S. Frank, Tallan Black, Pramodkumar D. Jadhav, Larry A. Holbrook & Robert B. Laprairie Scientific Reports, www.nature.com, 2020, 10, 20405, 1-13. Doi : 10.1038/s41598-020-77175-y   The Cannabis sativa plant contains more than 120 cannabinoids. With the exceptions of Δ9-tetrahydro-cannabinol (Δ9-THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), comparatively little is known about the pharmacology of the less-abundant plant-derived (phyto) cannabinoids. The best-studied transducers of cannabinoid-dependent effects are type 1 and type 2 cannabinoid receptors (CB1R, CB2R). Partial agonism of CB1R by Δ9-THC is [...]

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Terpenoids From Cannabis Do Not Mediate an Entourage Effect by Acting at Cannabinoid Receptors, David B. Finlay et al., 2020

Terpenoids From Cannabis Do Not Mediate an Entourage Effect by Acting at Cannabinoid Receptors David B. Finlay, Kathleen J. Sircombe, Mhairi Nimick, Callum Jones and Michelle Glass Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2020, Volume 11, Article 359, 1-9. doi : 10.3389/fphar.2020.00359   The entourage effect was a proposed explanation for biological observations that endocannabinoid ligand activities can be modified by other lipids released from cells at the same time. An increasing volume of anecdotal reports and interest in the plant have provoked research into the activity of minor chemical constituents of the plant—including volatile terpenoids such as myrcene, a- and b- pinene, b-caryophyllene, and limonene. However, to [...]

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Cannabinoid Addiction: Behavioral Models and Neural Correlates, Rafael Maldonado et al., 2002

Cannabinoid Addiction: Behavioral Models and Neural Correlates Rafael Maldonado and Fernando Rodriguez de Fonseca The Journal of Neuroscience, 2002, 22, (9), 3326–3331. Abstract The use of cannabis sativa preparations as recreational drugs can be traced back to the earliest civilizations. However, animal models of cannabinoid addiction allowing the exploration of neural correlates of cannabinoid abuse have been developed only recently. We review these models and the role of the CB1 cannabinoid receptor, the main target of natural cannabinoids, and its interaction with opioid and dopamine transmission in reward circuits. Extensive reviews on the molecular basis of cannabinoid action are available elsewhere (Piomelli et al., [...]

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The (Poly)Pharmacology of Cannabidiol in Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Disorders : Molecular Mechanisms and Targets, Rosa Maria Vitale et al., 2021

The (Poly)Pharmacology of Cannabidiol in Neurological and Neuropsychiatric Disorders: Molecular Mechanisms and Targets Rosa Maria Vitale, Fabio Arturo Iannotti and Pietro Amodeo International journal of Molecular Sciences, 2021, 22, 4876, 1-20. Doi : 10.3390/ijms22094876   Abstract : Cannabidiol (CBD), the major nonpsychoactive Cannabis constituent, has been proposed for the treatment of a wide panel of neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders, including anxiety, schizophrenia, epilepsy and drug addiction due to the ability of its versatile scaffold to interact with diverse molecular targets that are not restricted to the endocannabinoid system. Albeit the molecular mechanisms responsible for the therapeutic effects of CBD have yet to be fully elucidated, many [...]

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Cannabis and cannabinoid use in autism spectrum disorder : a systematic review, Estácio Amaro da Silva Junior et al., 2021

Cannabis and cannabinoid use in autism spectrum disorder : a systematic review Estácio Amaro da Silva Junior, Wandersonia Moreira Brito Medeiros, Nelson Torro, João Marçal Medeiros de Sousa, Igor Bronzeado Cahino Moura de Almeida, Filipe Barbosa da Costa, Katiúscia Moreira Pontes, Eliane Lima Guerra Nunes, Marine Diniz da Rosa, Katy Lísias Gondim Dias de Albuquerque Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, 2021, 1-10. Doi : 10.47626/2237-6089-2020-0149 Abstract Introduction : Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and social interaction, associated with the presence of restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, interests, or activities. Cannabis has been used to alleviate [...]

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Association of Cannabis Use During Adolescence With Neurodevelopment, Matthew D. Albaugh et al., 2021

Association of Cannabis Use During Adolescence With Neurodevelopment Matthew D. Albaugh, PhD; Jonatan Ottino-Gonzalez, PhD; Amanda Sidwell, BS; Claude Lepage, PhD; Anthony Juliano, PsyD; Max M. Owens, PhD; Bader Chaarani, PhD; Philip Spechler, PhD; Nicholas Fontaine, BS; Pierre Rioux, MSc; Lindsay Lewis, PhD; Seun Jeon, PhD; Alan Evans, PhD; Deepak D’Souza, MD; Rajiv Radhakrishnan, MD; Tobias Banaschewski, MD, PhD; Arun L.W. Bokde, PhD; Erin Burke Quinlan, PhD; Patricia Conrod, PhD; Sylvane Desrivières, PhD; Herta Flor, PhD; Antoine Grigis, PhD; Penny Gowland, PhD; Andreas Heinz, MD, PhD; Bernd Ittermann, PhD; Jean-Luc Martinot,MD, PhD; Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot,MD, PhD; Frauke Nees, PhD; Dimitri Papadopoulos [...]

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Cannabis and synaptic reprogramming of the developing brain, Anissa Bara et al., 2021

Cannabis and synaptic reprogramming of the developing brain Anissa Bara, Jacqueline- Marie N. Ferland, Gregory Rompala, Henrietta Szutorisz and Yasmin L. Hurd Nature Reviews | Neuroscience, 2021, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41583-021-00465-5 Abstract Recent years have been transformational in regard to the perception of the health risks and benefits of cannabis with increased acceptance of use. This has unintended neurodevelopmental implications given the increased use of cannabis and the potent levels of Δ9-​tetrahydrocannabinol today being consumed by pregnant women, young mothers and teens. In this Review, we provide an overview of the neurobiological effects of cannabinoid exposure during prenatal/perinatal and adolescent periods, in which the endogenous cannabinoid system plays [...]

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Absence of Entourage : Terpenoids Commonly Found in Cannabis sativa Do Not Modulate the Functional Activity of Δ9-THC at Human CB1 and CB2 Receptors, Marina Santiago et al., 2019

Absence of Entourage : Terpenoids Commonly Found in Cannabis sativa Do Not Modulate the Functional Activity of Δ9-THC at Human CB1 and CB2 Receptors Marina Santiago, Shivani C. Arnold, Iain S., McGregor and Mark Connor Cannabis and Cannabinoid Research, 2019, Vol. 4, No. 3 doi : 10.1089/can.2019.0016 Abstract Introduction: Compounds present in Cannabis sativa such as phytocannabinoids and terpenoids may act in concert to elicit therapeutic effects. Cannabinoids such as Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) directly activate cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2); however, it is not known if terpenoids present in Cannabis also affect cannabinoid receptor signaling. Therefore, we examined six common terpenoids alone, [...]

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Clinical and Preclinical Evidence for Functional Interactions of Cannabidiol and Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, Douglas L Boggs et al., 2018

Clinical and Preclinical Evidence for Functional Interactions of Cannabidiol and Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Douglas L Boggs, Jacques D Nguyen, Daralyn Morgenson, Michael A Taffe and Mohini Ranganathan Neuropsychopharmacology Reviews, 2018, 43, 142–154. doi : 10.1038/npp.2017.209; The plant Cannabis sativa, commonly called cannabis or marijuana, has been used for its psychotropic and mind-altering side effects for millennia. There has been growing attention in recent years on its potential therapeutic efficacy as municipalities and legislative bodies in the United States, Canada, and other countries grapple with enacting policy to facilitate the use of cannabis or its constituents for medical purposes. There are 4550 chemical compounds and 4100 phytocannabinoids [...]

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