Étiquette : CB1 recepteur

Cannabis in Cancer Care, D.I. Abrams and M. Guzman, 2015

Cannabis in Cancer Care D.I. Abrams and M. Guzman Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 2015, 97, (6), 575-586. Doi : 10.1002/cpt.108   Cannabis has been used inmedicine for thousands of years prior to achieving its current illicit substance status. Cannabinoids, the active components of Cannabis sativa,mimic the effects of the endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), activating specific cannabinoid receptors, particularly CB1 found predominantly in the central nervous system and CB2 found predominantly in cells involved with immune function. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, themain bioactive cannabinoid in the plant, has been available as a prescriptionmedication approved for treatment of cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and anorexia associated with the AIDS wasting syndrome. Cannabinoidsmay [...]

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Regulation of nausea and vomiting by cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system, Keith A. Sharkey et al., 2014

Regulation of nausea and vomiting by cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system Keith A. Sharkey, Nissar A. Darmani, and Linda A. Parker European Journal of Pharmacology, 2014 January 5; 722. doi : 10.1016/j.ejphar.2013.09.068.   Abstract Nausea and vomiting (emesis) are important elements in defensive or protective responses that animals use to avoid ingestion or digestion of potentially harmful substances. However, these neurally-mediated responses are at times manifested as symptoms of disease and they are frequently observed as side-effects of a variety of medications, notably those used to treat cancer. Cannabis has long been known to limit or prevent nausea and vomiting from a variety of causes.This has [...]

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Isolation of a High Affinity Cannabinoid for Human CB1 Receptor from a Medicinal Cannabis Variety: Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabutol, the Butyl Homologue of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, Pasquale Linciano et al., 2019

Isolation of a High Affinity Cannabinoid for Human CB1 Receptor from a Medicinal Cannabis Variety: Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabutol, the Butyl Homologue of Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Pasquale Linciano, Cinzia Citti, Livio Luongo, Carmela Belardo, Sabatino Maione, Maria Angela Vandelli, Flavio Forni, Giuseppe Gigli, Aldo Laganà, Carmela Maria Montone, Giuseppe Cannazza Journal of Natural Products, 2019 Dec 31. doi: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.9b00876.   Abstract The butyl homologues of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol, Δ9-tetrahydrocannabutol (Δ9-THCB), and cannabidiol, cannabidibutol (CBDB), were isolated from a medicinal Cannabis sativa variety (FM2) inflorescence. Appropriate spectroscopic and spectrometric characterization, including NMR, UV, IR, ECD, and HRMS, was carried out on both cannabinoids. The chemical structures and absolute configurations of the isolated cannabinoids were [...]

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Does regular cannabis use affect neuroanatomy ? An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of structural neuroimaging studies, Valentina Lorenzetti et al., 2019

Does regular cannabis use affect neuroanatomy ? An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of structural neuroimaging studies Valentina Lorenzetti, Yann Chye, Pedro Silva, Nadia Solowij, Carl A. Roberts European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 2019 Doi : 10.1007/s00406-019-00979-1 Abstract Regular cannabis use is associated with adverse cognitive and mental health outcomes that have been ascribed to aberrant neuroanatomy in brain regions densely innervated with cannabinoid receptors. Neuroanatomical differences between cannabis users and controls have been assessed in multiple structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI) studies. However, there is heterogeneity in the results leading to cautious interpretation of the data so far. We examined the sMRI [...]

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The Role of Endocannabinoid Signaling in Cortical Inhibitory Neuron Dysfunction in Schizophrenia, David W. Volk and David A. Lewis, 2016

The Role of Endocannabinoid Signaling in Cortical Inhibitory Neuron Dysfunction in Schizophrenia David W. Volk and David A. Lewis Biological Psychiatry, 2016, 79, 595-603. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.06.015   ABSTRACT Cannabis use has been reported to increase the risk of developing schizophrenia and to worsen symptoms of the illness. Both of these outcomes might be attributable to the disruption by cannabis of the endogenous cannabinoid system’s spatiotemporal regulation of the inhibitory circuitry in the prefrontal cortex that is essential for core cognitive processes, such as working memory, which are impaired in schizophrenia. In the healthy brain, the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonylglycerol 1) is synthesized by diacylglycerol lipase in pyramidal neurons; 2) [...]

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Effects of endocannabinoid neurotransmission modulators on brain stimulation reward, Styliani Vlachou et al., 2006

Effects of endocannabinoid neurotransmission modulators on brain stimulation reward Styliani Vlachou, George G. Nomikos & George Panagis Psychopharmacology, 2006, 188, 293–305 Doi : 10.1007/s00213-006-0506-0   Abstract Rationale : The endogenous cannabinoid system is responsive to the neurobiological actions of Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and other cannabinoid ligands. While numerous studies have focused on the behavioral and pharmacological effects of THC and cannabinoid agonists in experimental animals, most recent work focuses on compounds that modulate endocannabinoid neurotransmission. However, the relevant studies concerning the ability of endocannabinoid modulators to modify reward processes in experimental animals remain rather scarce. Objectives : The present study examined the effects of drugs modulating endocannabinoid neurotransmission on [...]

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In Vivo Availability of Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Levels in Patients With First-Episode Psychosis, Faith Borgan et al., 2019

In Vivo Availability of Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Levels in Patients With First-Episode Psychosis Faith Borgan, Heikki Laurikainen, Mattia Veronese, Tiago Reis Marques, Merja Haaparanta-Solin, Olof Solin, Tarik Dahoun, Maria Rogdaki, Raimo KR Salokangas, Max Karukivi, Marta Di Forti, Federico Turkheimer, Jarmo Hietala, Oliver Howes for the METSY Group JAMA Psychiatry, 2019. doi : 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1427   IMPORTANCE Experimental and epidemiological studies implicate the cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) in the pathophysiology of psychosis. However, whether CB1R levels are altered in the early stages of psychosis and whether they are linked to cognitive function or symptom severity remain unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate CB1R availability in first-episode psychosis (FEP) without the [...]

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Endocannabinoid system in sexual motivational processes : Is it a novel therapeutic horizon ?, Renata Androvicova et al., 2017

Endocannabinoid system in sexual motivational processes : Is it a novel therapeutic horizon ? Renata Androvicova, Jiri Horacek, Tibor Stark, Filippo Drago, Vincenzo Micale Pharmacological Research, 2017, 115, 200–208 http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.phrs.2016.11.021   a b s t r a c t The endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is composed of the cannabinoid receptors types 1 and 2 (CB1 and CB2) for marijuana’s psychoactive ingredient 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (9-THC), the endogenous ligands (AEA and 2-AG) and the enzymatic systems involved in their biosynthesis and degradation, recently emerged as important modulator of emotional and non-emotional behaviors. For centuries, in addition to its recreational actions, several contradictory claims regarding the effects of Cannabis use in sexual functioning and behavior [...]

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Hippocampal Neurotoxicity of D9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, Guy Chiu-Kai Chan et al., 1998

Hippocampal Neurotoxicity of D9-Tetrahydrocannabinol Guy Chiu-Kai Chan, Thomas R. Hinds, Soren Impey, and Daniel R. Storm The Journal of Neuroscience, 1998, 18, (14), 5322–5332 Marijuana consumption elicits diverse physiological and psychological effects in humans, including memory loss. Here we report that D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the major psychoactive component of marijuana, is toxic for hippocampal neurons. Treatment of cultured neurons or hippocampal slices with THC caused shrinkage of neuronal cell bodies and nuclei as well as genomic DNA strand breaks, hallmarks of neuronal apoptosis. Neuron death induced by THC was inhibited by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, including indomethacin and aspirin, as well as vitamin E and [...]

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Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus through Bidirectional Control of ERK1–2 Phosphorylation, Roger Hudson et al., 2019

Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus through Bidirectional Control of ERK1–2 Phosphorylation Roger Hudson, Justine Renard, Christopher Norris, Walter J. Rushlow and Steven R. Laviolette Journal of Neuroscience, 2019, 39, (44), 8762-8777 Doi : https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0708-19.2019   Abstract Evidence suggests that the phytocannabinoids Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) differentially regulate salience attribution and psychiatric risk. The ventral hippocampus (vHipp) relays emotional salience via control of dopamine (DA) neuronal activity states, which are dysregulated in psychosis and schizophrenia. Using in vivo electrophysiology in male Sprague Dawley rats, we demonstrate that intra-vHipp THC strongly increases ventral tegmental area (VTA) DA neuronal frequency [...]

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