Étiquette : cannabis use disorders

Dissiper la fumée entourant le cannabis : Effets du cannabis pendant la grossesse – version actualisée, CCDUS, Amy J. Porath et al., 2018

Dissiper la fumée entourant le cannabis : Effets du cannabis pendant la grossesse – version actualisée Amy J. Porath, Ph.D., Directrice, Recherche, CCDUS Sarah Konefal, Ph.D., Analyste, Recherche et politiques, CCDUS Pam Kent, Ph.D., Directrice associée, Recherche, CCDUS Centre Canadien sur les dépendances et l'usage de substances, 2018   Le présent rapport est le deuxième d’une série sur les effets du cannabis sur divers aspects du fonctionnement et du développement de la personne. Révision d’un rapport précédent, il aborde les effets sur l’enfant et les jeunes adultes de la consommation de cannabis pendant la grossesse et fait état des nouvelles recherches qui valident et approfondissent nos connaissances sur [...]

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COVID-19, usage d’alcool et de cannabis, Canadian Center on Substance Use and Addiction, 2020

COVID-19, usage d’alcool et de cannabis Canadian Center on Substance Use and Addiction www.ccsa.ca • www.ccdus.ca Le présent document d’information vient compléter l’infographie COVID-19, usage d’alcool et de cannabis et décrit certains des liens factuels entre la COVID-19 et l’usage d’alcool et de cannabis. Le document s’adresse à un large public, notamment les professionnels de la santé, les décideurs et les chercheurs. Les risques associés à l’usage d’alcool et de cannabis sont plus importants pendant la pandémie de COVID-19. Face à cette menace constante, les Canadiens pourraient vivre des émotions et des situations qui influeront sur leur usage d’alcool et de cannabis, et tout [...]

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Prevalence of Cannabis Withdrawal Symptoms Among People With Regular or Dependent Use of Cannabinoids. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis, Anees Bahji et al., 2020

Prevalence of Cannabis Withdrawal Symptoms Among People With Regular or Dependent Use of Cannabinoids. A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Anees Bahji, MD; Callum Stephenson; Richard Tyo, BSocSc, RP; Emily R. Hawken, MSc, PhD; Dallas P. Seitz, MD, PhD JAMA Network Open, 2020, 3, (4), e202370. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.2370   Abstract IMPORTANCE : Cannabis withdrawal syndrome (CWS)—a diagnostic indicator of cannabis use disorder—commonly occurs on cessation of heavy and prolonged cannabis use. To date, the prevalence of CWS syndrome has not been well described, nor have the factors potentially associated with CWS. OBJECTIVES : To estimate the prevalence of CWS among individuals with regular or dependent use of [...]

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An epidemiological, developmental and clinical overview of cannabis use during pregnancy, Hanan El Marroun et al., 2018

An epidemiological, developmental and clinical overview of cannabis use during pregnancy Hanan El Marroun, Qiana L. Brown, Ingunn Olea Lund, Victoria H. Coleman-Cowger, Amy M. Loree, Devika Chawlaj, Yukiko Washio Preventive Medicine, 2018, 116, 1–5 Doi : 10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.08.036   A B S T R A C T The objective of the current narrative literature review is to provide an epidemiological, developmental and clinical overview on cannabis use during pregnancy. Cannabis use in pregnancy poses major health concerns for pregnant mothers and their developing children. Although studies on the short- and long-term consequences of prenatal cannabis exposure are increasing, findings have been inconsistent or difficult to interpret [...]

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Mapping cannabis potency in medical and recreational programs in the United States, Mary Catherine Cash et al., 2020

Mapping cannabis potency in medical and recreational programs in the United States Mary Catherine Cash, Katharine Cunnane, Chuyin Fan, E. Alfonso Romero-Sandoval PLoS ONE, 2020, 15, (3), e0230167. Doi : 10.1371/journal.pone.0230167     Opinion d'expert: Les allégations sur l'infaisabilité du cannabis avec des concentrations élevées de THC à des fins médicales ne sont pas étayées par la science En mars 2020, le conseil d'administration de l'IACM a décidé d'installer une nouvelle catégorie dans le Bulletin de l’IACM, qui encourage à rédiger des opinions et des déclarations de chercheurs sur les rapports scientifiques actuels et des déclarations de collègues. Ces avis visent à stimuler la discussion sur [...]

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Confinement et cannabis, cachez cette addiction que le gouvernement ne saurait voir, Jean-Yves Nau, 2 avril 2020

Confinement et cannabis, cachez cette addiction que le gouvernement ne saurait voir Jean-Yves Nau — 2 avril 2020 à 7h00 SLATE http://www.slate.fr/story/189123/addictions-cannabis-confinement-coronavirus-deni-consequences-dependance   Tabac, alcool et produits de vapotage n'ont heureusement pas été interdits. Mais il va falloir compter avec les multiples conséquences de la pénurie en cannabis. «Une dépendance grave à une substance licite vaut toujours mieux qu'une dépendance de moindre gravité à une substance interdite», déplore le Dr William Lowenstein, président de SOS Addictions. |  Il croyait très bien faire. Lundi 23 mars, Ziad Khoury, préfet de l'Aisne, prenait un arrêté interdisant toutes les ventes d'alcool à emporter dans l'ensemble du département. Objectif: réduire les [...]

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Cannabis Use Disorder and Perioperative Outcomes in Major Elective Surgeries A Retrospective Cohort Analysis, Akash Goel et al., 2020

Cannabis Use Disorder and Perioperative Outcomes in Major Elective Surgeries A Retrospective Cohort Analysis Akash Goel, M.D., M.P.H., Brandon McGuinness, M.D.; Naheed K. Jivraj, M.B.B.S., M.Sc.; Duminda N. Wijeysundera, M.D., Ph.D.; Murray A. Mittleman, M.D., Dr.P.H.; Brian T. Bateman, M.D., M.Sc., Hance Clarke, M.D., Ph.D.; Lakshmi P. Kotra, B.Pharm. (Hons), Ph.D.; Karim S. Ladha, M.D., M.Sc. Anesthesiology, 2020, 132, (4), 625-635.     Abstract and Introduction Background: Although cannabis is known to have cardiovascular and psychoactive effects, the implications of its use before surgery are currently unknown. The objective of the present study was to determine whether patients with an active cannabis use disorder have an elevated [...]

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Cannabidiol regulates behavioural alterations and gene expression changes induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal, Francisco Navarrete et al., 2018

Cannabidiol regulates behavioural alterations and gene expression changes induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal Francisco Navarrete, Auxiliadora Aracil-Fernández and Jorge Manzanares British Journal of Pharmacology, 2018. Doi : 10.1111/bph.14226   BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Cannabidiol (CBD) represents a promising therapeutic tool for treating cannabis use disorder (CUD). This study aimed to evaluate the effects of CBD on the behavioural and gene expression alterations induced by spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Spontaneous cannabinoid withdrawal was evaluated 12 h after cessation of CP-55,940 treatment (0.5 mg·kg1 every 12 h, i.p.; 7 days) in C57BL/6J mice. The effects of CBD (5, 10 and 20 mg·kg1, i.p.) on withdrawal-related behavioural signs were evaluated by [...]

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Is cannabis an effective treatment for anxiety disorders ?, Anxiety.org, septembre 2019

Is cannabis an effective treatment for anxiety disorders ? https://www.anxiety.org/is-cannabis-an-effective-treatment-for-anxiety-what-research-shows Lindsey Salerno, M.Ed. from Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine Jesse McCann, B.S. from University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine Shari Lieblich, B.S. from University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine Jeremy Tyler, Psy.D. from University of Pennsylvania Is cannabis really an effective treatment for anxiety? Research and evidence shows mixed results so learn the facts here and consult a professional. Facts v. Fiction: What the research says What is cannabis (marijuana)? What are common misconceptions? Yes - cannabis can be an effective anxiety treatment - but the opposite is also true Participate in a clinical trial [...]

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Marijuana Use Continues to Grow in Older Adults, Pauline Anderson, Medscape, 26 February 2020

Marijuana Use Continues to Grow in Older Adults Pauline Anderson Medscape, February 26, 2020 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/925762?nlid=134178_2052&src=WNL_mdplsnews_200228_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2294726&faf=1   Cannabis use in older Americans is growing. New research shows that over a 4-year period use of the drug in individuals age 65 and older increased by 75%. Joseph J. Palamar, PhD, MPH This population is especially vulnerable to potential adverse effects from cannabis and so this population needs to understand the potential risks associated with marijuana use, study investigator Joseph J. Palamar, PhD, MPH, associate professor, Department of Population Health, New York University (NYU) Langone Medical Center, New York City, told Medscape Medical News. The findings, he added, indicate a need for more [...]

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