Étiquette : cannabis-induced psychosis

Cannabis consumption and the risk of psychosis, Alice Mulè et al., 2017

Cannabis consumption and the risk of psychosis Alice Mulè, Lucia Sideli, Giuseppe Colli, Laura Ferraro, Caterina La Cascia, Crocettarachele Sartorio, Fabio Seminerio, Giada Tripoli, Marta Di Forti, Daniele La Barbera, Robin Murray Evidence-based Psychiatric Care, 2017, 3, 25-31   Enfin, un article récent (novembre 2018) explorant la co-occurence "consommation de cannabis / troubles "psychotique"", qui plus est international (anglo-italien), et comprenant, parmi les signataires, les célèbres Robin Murray du Kings Collège londonien, et Marta Di Forti de l'Université de Palerme, qui énonce clairement l'incapacité épidémiologique à établir un lien de causalité entre "consommation de cannabis et éclosion de troubles "psychotique"" !!! : "Conclusions : The [...]

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Bibliographie : Interactions et antagonisme THC – CBD, Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, mars 2020.

Bibliographie : Interactions et antagonisme THC - CBD   Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, mars 2020.   Les interactions entre le THC et le CBD sur le système endocannabinoide, quant aux effets psychotomimetic (production de "symptomes psychotiques") sont opposés : là où le THC produit préférentiellement de l'anxiété, et des effets "psychotisants", le CBD est plutôt anxiolytique et "antipsychotique". Ces deux phytocannabinoïdes sont "antagonistes", et contribuent, parmi d'autres inter-relations entre les phytocannabinoïdes, les terpènes et les flavonoïdes composant le cannabis, aux "effets d'entourage" fondamentaux, tout autant quant à la production "d'effets indésirables" et de risques pour la santé mentale du consommateur, que dans le cadre de [...]

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The Psychiatric Consequences of Cannabinoids, Joao P. De Aquino et al., 2018

The Psychiatric Consequences of Cannabinoids Joao P. De Aquino, Mohamed Sherif, Rajiv Radhakrishnan, John D. Cahill, Mohini Ranganathan and Deepak C. D’Souza Clinical Therapeutics, 2018, 40, (9), 14481456 Doi : 10.1016/j.clinthera.2018.03.013   ABSTRACT With rising rates of cannabis use in the general population and an increasing number of US states legalizing both recreational and medical cannabis use, it is important to be informed about the adverse consequences of cannabinoids. This Commentary provides an overview of the psychiatric effects of plant-based and synthetic cannabinoids, differentiating acute effects from effects associated with persistent use. Cannabinoids produce multiphasic and dose dependent effects on anxiety, mood, and perception, in addition [...]

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Les troubles cognitifs et psychiatriques liés à la consommation de cannabis, Alain DERVAUX, 2014

Les troubles cognitifs et psychiatriques liés à la consommation de cannabis Alain DERVAUX, Marie-Odile KREBS , Xavier LAQUEILLE Bulletin de l'Académie Nationale de Médecine, 2014, 198, no 3, 559-577, séance du 25 mars 2014   RÉSUMÉ Plusieurs études ont montré que le Δ-9-THC, principal principe actif du cannabis entraînait des troubles de l’attention, de la mémoire et des fonctions exécutives. Ils sont liés à la dose, à la fréquence, à la durée d’exposition et à l’âge de la première consommation. Ils peuvent disparaître après sevrage, mais des anomalies durables s’observent chez les sujets ayant débuté leur consommation avant l’âge de 15 ans. La fréquence de [...]

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Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus Through Bi-Directional Control of ERK1-2 Phosphorylation, Roger Hudson et al., 2019

Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus Through Bi-Directional Control of ERK1-2 Phosphorylation Roger Hudson, Justine Renard, Christopher Norris, Walter J. Rushlow and Steven R. Laviolette The Journal of Neuroscience, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0708-19.2019   Abstract Evidence suggests that the phytocannabinoids Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) differentially regulate salience attribution and psychiatric risk. The ventral hippocampus (vHipp) relays emotional salience via control of dopamine (DA) neuronal activity states, which are dysregulated in psychosis and schizophrenia. Using in-vivo electrophysiology in male Sprague Dawley rats, we demonstrate that intra-vHipp THC strongly increases ventral tegmental area (VTA) DA neuronal frequency and bursting rates, decreases GABA frequency, and [...]

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Prenatal THC exposure produces a hyperdopaminergic phenotype rescued by pregnenolone, Roberto Frau et al., 2019

Prenatal THC exposure produces a hyperdopaminergic phenotype rescued by pregnenolone Roberto Frau, Vivien Miczán, Francesco Traccis, Sonia Aroni, Csaba I. Pongor, Pierluigi Saba, Valeria Serra, Claudia Sagheddu, Silvia Fanni, Mauro Congiu, Paola Devoto, Joseph F. Cheer, István Katona and Miriam Melis Nature Neuroscience,  December 2019, VOL 22, 1975–1985 www.nature.com/natureneuroscience1975 Content courtesy of Springer Nature, terms of use apply. Rights reserved Doi : 10.1038/s41593-019-0512-2 The increased legal availability of cannabis has led to a common misconception that it is a safe natural remedy for, among others, pregnancy-related ailments such as morning sickness. Emerging clinical evidence, however, indicates that prenatal cannabis exposure (PCE) predisposes offspring to various neuropsychiatric [...]

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The Role of Endocannabinoid Signaling in Cortical Inhibitory Neuron Dysfunction in Schizophrenia, David W. Volk and David A. Lewis, 2016

The Role of Endocannabinoid Signaling in Cortical Inhibitory Neuron Dysfunction in Schizophrenia David W. Volk and David A. Lewis Biological Psychiatry, 2016, 79, 595-603. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.06.015   ABSTRACT Cannabis use has been reported to increase the risk of developing schizophrenia and to worsen symptoms of the illness. Both of these outcomes might be attributable to the disruption by cannabis of the endogenous cannabinoid system’s spatiotemporal regulation of the inhibitory circuitry in the prefrontal cortex that is essential for core cognitive processes, such as working memory, which are impaired in schizophrenia. In the healthy brain, the endocannabinoid 2-arachidonylglycerol 1) is synthesized by diacylglycerol lipase in pyramidal neurons; 2) [...]

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Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus through Bidirectional Control of ERK1–2 Phosphorylation, Roger Hudson et al., 2019

Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus through Bidirectional Control of ERK1–2 Phosphorylation Roger Hudson, Justine Renard, Christopher Norris, Walter J. Rushlow and Steven R. Laviolette Journal of Neuroscience, 2019, 39, (44), 8762-8777 Doi : https://doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0708-19.2019   Abstract Evidence suggests that the phytocannabinoids Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) differentially regulate salience attribution and psychiatric risk. The ventral hippocampus (vHipp) relays emotional salience via control of dopamine (DA) neuronal activity states, which are dysregulated in psychosis and schizophrenia. Using in vivo electrophysiology in male Sprague Dawley rats, we demonstrate that intra-vHipp THC strongly increases ventral tegmental area (VTA) DA neuronal frequency [...]

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Reefer Madness : A Case of Cannabis-Induced Psychosis, Matthew C. Ballenberger et al., 2019

Reefer Madness : A Case of Cannabis-Induced Psychosis Matthew C. Ballenberger,  Robert D. Glatter,  Daniel P. Klein,  Steven Mandel, Medscape Psychiatry,  August 15, 2019 Clinical Presentation A 32-year-old woman with a history of iron-deficiency anemia was brought in by ambulance because of altered mental status. The patient's sister and boyfriend reported that 1 day before presentation, the patient had ingested a marijuana edible and a few hours later developed fatigue and nausea, followed by at least 15 episodes of nonbloody, nonbilious, projectile vomiting throughout the night. In the morning, she became very pale, her lips turned blue, and she became stiff, losing consciousness for [...]

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Individual and combined effects of acute delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol on psychotomimetic symptoms and memory function, Celia J. A. Morgan et al., 2018

Individual and combined effects of acute delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol on psychotomimetic symptoms and memory function Celia J. A. Morgan, Tom P. Freeman, Chandni Hindocha, Grainne Schafer, Chelsea Gardner and H. Valerie Curran Translational Psychiatry, 2018, 8, 181 DOI 10.1038/s41398-018-0191-x https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264860201   Abstract The main active ingredient in cannabis, delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), can acutely induce psychotic symptoms and impair episodic and working memory. Another major constituent, cannabidiol (CBD), may attenuate these effects. This study aimed to determine the effects of THC and CBD, both alone and in combination on psychotic symptoms and memory function. A randomised, double-blind crossover design compared the effects of (i) placebo, (ii) THC 8mg, (iii) CBD [...]

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