Étiquette : cancer

Cannabis use in pediatric cancer patients : what are they reading ? A review of the online literature, M. Yeung et al., 2020

Cannabis use in pediatric cancer patients : what are they reading ? A review of the online literature. YEUNG M., WROOT H., CHARNOCK C., FORBES C., LAFAY-COUSIN L., SCHULTE F. Support Care Cancer, 2020. doi: 10.1007/s00520-020-05306-2 Abstract BACKGROUND: Recent changes to the legal status of marijuana in Canada warrant a review of the information that patients and families are accessing online regarding the role of cannabis in cancer. The aims of the current research were to identify the quality of literature available online as well as the themes, and opinion (i.e., pro-, neutral, or anti-cannabis) of online articles. METHODS: Searches were conducted using three primary search engines: Google, [...]

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The current state and future perspectives of cannabinoids in cancer biology, Paweł Śledziński et al., 2018

The current state and future perspectives of cannabinoids in cancer biology Paweł Śledziński, Joanna Zeyland, Ryszard Słomski & Agnieszka Nowak Cancer Medicine, 2018, 7, (3), 765–775. doi : 10.1002/cam4.1312   Abstract To date, cannabinoids have been allowed in the palliative medicine due to their analgesic and antiemetic effects, but increasing number of preclinical studies indicates their anticancer properties. Cannabinoids exhibit their action by a modulation of the signaling pathways crucial in the control of cell proliferation and survival. Many in vitro and in vivo experiments have shown that cannabinoids inhibit proliferation of cancer cells, stimulate autophagy and apoptosis, and have also a potential to inhibit angiogenesis [...]

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Psilocybin Benefits in Cancer Sustained Nearly 5 Years Later, Nancy A. Melville, 2020

Psilocybin Benefits in Cancer Sustained Nearly 5 Years Later Nancy A. Melville Medscape, January 28, 2020 Medscape Medical News © 2020 Cancer patients who were treated with a one-time, single dose of the psychedelic drug psilocybin, combined with psychotherapy, showed significant benefits on measures of emotional and existential distress nearly 5 years after receiving the therapy, new research indicates. In addition to reporting improved well-being or life satisfaction, some patients rated the treatment as being "among the most personally meaningful and spiritually significant experiences of their lives," the authors note. The study, the longest-spanning evaluation to date of the effects of psilocybin in the treatment of cancer-related psychiatric distress, was [...]

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Bibliographie CANNABINOÏDES et Traitement des Nausées et Vomissements, Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, 2e édition, janvier 2020

Bibliographie CANNABINOÏDES et Traitement des Nausées et Vomissements   Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, 2e édition, janvier 2020.   Le Cannabis comme anti-émétique :   Les prescriptions médicales, chez les adultes (THC naturel ou synthétique - Nabilone) comme chez les enfants (delta 8-THC, Abrahamov et al, 1995), ont débutées dès 1975. L’efficacité a été prouvée dans de nombreux essais cliniques, et de nombreuses méta-analyses (8/9 pour le cannabis et 3/3 pour le Nabilone, Penta et al, 1981). Par contre les effets psychotropiques peuvent être mal supportés par de nombreux patients, et justifie l’arrêt, ou la diminution des doses. Les associations variables THC/CBD présente un intérêt probable. Aucun effet indésirable persistant ou fatal [...]

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Cannabis in Cancer Care, D.I. Abrams and M. Guzman, 2015

Cannabis in Cancer Care D.I. Abrams and M. Guzman Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 2015, 97, (6), 575-586. Doi : 10.1002/cpt.108   Cannabis has been used inmedicine for thousands of years prior to achieving its current illicit substance status. Cannabinoids, the active components of Cannabis sativa,mimic the effects of the endogenous cannabinoids (endocannabinoids), activating specific cannabinoid receptors, particularly CB1 found predominantly in the central nervous system and CB2 found predominantly in cells involved with immune function. Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, themain bioactive cannabinoid in the plant, has been available as a prescriptionmedication approved for treatment of cancer chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and anorexia associated with the AIDS wasting syndrome. Cannabinoidsmay [...]

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The cannabinoids : An overview. Therapeutic implications in vomiting and nausea after cancer chemotherapy, in appetite promotion, in multiple sclerosis and in neuroprotection, R. Mechoulam & L. Hanus, 2001

The cannabinoids : An overview. Therapeutic implications in vomiting and nausea after cancer chemotherapy, in appetite promotion, in multiple sclerosis and in neuroprotection R. Mechoulam PhD, L Hanušs PhD Pain Research Management, 2001, 6, (2), 67-73. Doi : 10.1155/2001/183057   The present paper describes the historical use of cannabis, starting with its use in Assyria and China. Recent advances in the understanding of the molecular basis of cannabis action are explained, including the identification of the cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2, as well as the isolation of endogenous cannabinoids from the brain and periphery. The use of delta9-tetrahydrocannabinol as an antivomiting and antinausea drug for cancer [...]

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Patient Experiences of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy : An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis, Alexander B. Belser et al., 2017

Patient Experiences of Psilocybin-Assisted Psychotherapy : An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Alexander B. Belser, Gabrielle Agin-Liebes, T. Cody Swift, Sara Terrana, Neşe Devenot, Harris L. Friedman, Jeffrey Guss, Anthony Bossis and Stephen Ross Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 2017, 1 –35 Doi : 10.1177/0022167817706884 journals.sagepub.com/home/jhp   Abstract The psychological mechanisms of action involved in psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy are not yet well understood. Despite a resurgence of quantitative research regarding psilocybin, the current study is the first qualitative study of participant experiences in psilocybin-assisted psychotherapy. Semistructured interviews were carried out with 13 adult participants aged 22 to 69 years (M = 50 years) with clinically elevated anxiety associated with a cancer [...]

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Evaluation of the effects of CBD hemp extract on opioid use and quality of life indicators in chronic pain patients : a prospective cohort study, Alex Capano et al., 2019

Evaluation of the effects of CBD hemp extract on opioid use and quality of life indicators in chronic pain patients : a prospective cohort study Alex Capano, Richard Weaver & Elisa Burkman Postgraduate Medicine, 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group. Doi : 10.1080/00325481.2019.1685298   ABSTRACT Context : Chronic pain is highly prevalent in most of the industrialized nations around the world. Despite the documented adverse effects, opioids are widely used for pain management. Cannabinoids, and specifically Cannabidiol, is proposed as an opioid alternative, having comparable efficacy with better safety profile. Objectives : We aim to investigate the impact [...]

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No Link Between Marijuana Use and Cancer, Except TGCT, Nick Mulcahy, 2019

No Link Between Marijuana Use and Cancer, Except TGCT Nick Mulcahy Medscape Psychiatry, November 27, 2019 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/921889?nlid=132907_2052&src=WNL_mdplsnews_191206_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2194053&faf=1 More than 10 years of marijuana use is associated with the development of testicular germ cell tumor (TGCT), but the quality of the evidence is "low strength" and there is insufficient evidence to support an association between ever having used marijuana and other types of cancer. These are the conclusions from a new systematic review and meta-analysis published online today in JAMA Open Network. Lead author Mehrnaz Ghasemiesfe, MD, Northern California Institute of Research and Education, San Francisco, and colleagues explain that they wondered if marijuana smoke might cause [...]

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