Étiquette : botanique

Cannabis sativa : The Plant of the Thousand and One Molecules, Christelle M. Andre, 2016

Cannabis sativa : The Plant of the Thousand and One Molecules Christelle M. Andre, Jean-Francois Hausman and Gea Guerriero Frontiers in Plant Science, 2016, Volume 7, Article 19. doi:10.3389/fpls.2016.00019   Cannabis sativa L. is an important herbaceous species originating from Central Asia, which has been used in folk medicine and as a source of textile fiber since the dawn of times. This fast-growing plant has recently seen a resurgence of interest because of its multi-purpose applications : it is indeed a treasure trove of phytochemicals and a rich source of both cellulosic and woody fibers. Equally highly interested in this plant are the pharmaceutical and [...]

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Intercultural, intermolecular : An ethnobotanical examination of the potential therapeutic value of LSD for the treatment of depression, Karsten FATUR, 2019

Intercultural, intermolecular : An ethnobotanical examination of the potential therapeutic value of LSD for the treatment of depression Karsten FATUR Journal of Psychedelic Studies, 2019, 3, (1), 32–34. DOI: 10.1556/2054.2019.002   Lysergic acid diethylamide holds great therapeutic potential in the treatment of depression, although currently illegal in many parts of the world and seen as a recreational drug. An intercultural ethnobotanical examination of plant substances with similar chemical profiles and effects displays the true potential value of this substance and justifies an increased focus on clinical trials and studies involving it. Keywords : psychedelic, LSD, ayahuasca, depression, serotonin   Despite its current status as an illegal substance, lysergic [...]

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Ayahuasca and the Healing of Eating Disorders, Marika Renelli et al., 2018

Ayahuasca and the Healing of Eating Disorders Marika Renelli, Jenna Fletcher, Anja Loizaga-Velder, Natasha Files, Kenneth Tupper and Adele Lafrance Jul 2018 Chapter in "Embodiment and Eating Disorders"   Eating disorders (EDs) are complex mental health issues that involve cognitive, physical and emotional symptoms (Golden et al., 2003; Polivy & Herman, 2002). It is widely accepted that the avoidance of challenging emotions is central to the development and maintenance of an ED (Harrison, Sullivan, Tchanturia, & Treasure, 2009). Many have theorized that an individual’s focus on and negative view of body image, along with attempts to change their body are more strongly related to the embodiment [...]

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Chemical evidence for the use of multiple psychotropic plants in a 1,000-year-old ritual bundle from South America, Melanie J. Miller et al., 2019

Chemical evidence for the use of multiple psychotropic plants in a 1,000-year-old ritual bundle from South America Melanie J. Miller, Juan Albarracin-Jordan, Christine Moore, and José M. Capriles PNAS June 4, 2019, 116 (23) 11207-11212; first published May 6, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1902174116 Significance Humans have a long history of using natural resources, especially plants, to induce nonordinary states of consciousness. Imbibing substances derived from plants have been linked to ancient and elaborate knowledge systems and rituals. While archaeological evidence of the consumption of psychotropics, such as alcohol or caffeine, dates back thousands of years, evidence of the use of other psychoactive substances has been more [...]

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The origins of cannabis smoking : Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs, Meng Ren et al., 2019

The origins of cannabis smoking : Chemical residue evidence from the first millennium BCE in the Pamirs Meng Ren, Zihua Tang, Xinhua Wu, Robert Spengler, Hongen Jiang, Yimin Yang, Nicole Boivin Science Advances, 2019, 5 : eaaw1391 (12 June 2019) DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaw1391   Cannabis is one of the oldest cultivated plants in East Asia, grown for grain and fiber as well as for recreational, medical, and ritual purposes. It is one of the most widely used psychoactive drugs in the world today, but little is known about its early psychoactive use or when plants under cultivation evolved the phenotypical trait of increased specialized compound production. [...]

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Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia, Ethan B. Russo et al., 2008

Phytochemical and genetic analyses of ancient cannabis from Central Asia Ethan B. Russo, Hong-En Jiang, Xiao Li, Alan Sutton, Andrea Carboni, Francesca del Bianco, Giuseppe Mandolino, David J. Potter, You-Xing Zhao, Subir Bera, Yong-Bing Zhang, En Guo Lu, David K. Ferguson, Francis Hueber, Liang-Cheng Zhao, Chang-Jiang Liu, Yu-Fei Wang and Cheng-Sen Li Journal of Experimental Botany, 2008, Vol. 59, No. 15, pp. 4171–4182, doi:10.1093/jxb/ern260 Abstract The Yanghai Tombs near Turpan, Xinjiang-Uighur Autonomous Region, China have recently been excavated to reveal the 2700-year-old grave of a Caucasoid shaman whose accoutrements included a large cache of cannabis, superbly preserved by climatic and burial conditions. A multidisciplinary international [...]

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Quelques problèmes posés par l’ethnopharmacologie et la recherche pharmaceutique sur les substances naturelles, Elisabeth Motte-Florac, 2002

Quelques problèmes posés par l’ethnopharmacologie et la recherche pharmaceutique sur les substances naturelles Some Problems Posed by Ethno‑Pharmacology and Pharmaceutical Research into Natural Compounds Elisabeth Motte-Florac Journal des anthropologues, 2002, 88-89, 53-78 Association française des anthropologues Résumé L’examen des publications parues en ethnopharmacologie au cours des dernières décennies fait apparaître que les objectifs majeurs de cette recherche sont d’une part une participation à l’innovation pharmaceutique et d’autre part l’évaluation des pharmacopées traditionnelles. Ces objectifs posent implicitement plusieurs problèmes fondamentaux, complexes, interdépendants, dont l’ampleur tient à la fois à l’importance des enjeux et au fait qu’ils concernent une grande partie de la population mondiale. Jusqu’à quel point [...]

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L’éclosion d’une nouvelle discipline scientifique: l’enthéobotanique, Vincent Wattiaux,

L'éclosion d'une nouvelle discipline scientifique: l'enthéobotanique Vincent WATTIAUX http://liberterre.fr/entheogenes/recherches-modernes/vincentwattiaux.html   « Dieu est une substance, une drogue ! » Gottfried BENN En 1967 quand le paléontologue Yves Coppens et son équipe découvrirent en Ethiopie le squelette d’une Australopithèque, ils la baptisèrent Lucie à cause d’une chanson des Beatles diffusée sans cesse à la radio. Cette rengaine, Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds faisait directement allusion au LSD, la drogue hallucinogène la plus puissante jamais inventée (1). L’association, Lucie et le LSD, née du hasard ou d’un retour du refoulé collectif (?), aurait valeur d’oracle… En effet, une discipline scientifique flambant neuve, l’enthéobotanique (2) allait poser [...]

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Menace or medicine? Anthropological perspectives on the self-administration of high potency cannabis in the UK, Anna Waldstein, 2010

Menace or medicine? Anthropological perspectives on the self-administration of high potency cannabis in the UK Anna Waldstein Drugs and Alcohol Today • Volume 10 Issue 3 • September 2010   Abstract Domestically produced, high potency cannabis (often referred to as ‘skunk’ in the mainstream UK media) has become increasingly widespread in the UK. This paper considers whether the trend reflects an increased awareness of and desire for medical marijuana. Determining whether cannabis is a drug or a medicine depends on its objective physiological effects – which may vary from one individual to another – as well as how and why those effects are experienced. The [...]

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CANNABIS PEER REVIEW 1964-2016, Over 650 Peer Reviewed Reports & Studies On Cannabis, 2017

CANNABIS PEER REVIEW 1964-2016 Over 650 Peer Reviewed Reports & Studies On Cannabis A Free Jeff Prager Publication Health benefits, cancer fighting qualities and many other medicinal advantages can be attributed to the Cannabis Plant. Likewise, diseases and disorders are also related to smoking, vaping and ingesting components of the Cannabis Plant. Cannabis users should be aware and well informed regarding both the positive effects and the negative consequences of regular Cannabis use and this eBook accomplishes that goal by employing over 400 current peer reviewed reports and studies—their findings— with active hyper links to each report. A Free Jeff Prager No-Copyright Publication for [...]

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