Étiquette : antipsychotique

Bibliographie : Cannabidiol (CBD), Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, février 2020.

Bibliographie : Cannabidiol (CBD) Docteur Christian SUEUR, GRECC, février 2020.     voir aussi : Bibliographie : Cannabis et Cannabinoïdes en Psychiatrie, Bibliographie : Cannabinoïdes et neuroprotection Bibliographie : Cannabinoïdes et épilepsie Bibliographie : Interactions et antagonisme THC - CBD Bibliographie : Effets indésirables du Cannabis (thérapeutique) sur la Santé mentale Bibliographie : Cannabinoïdes, Dépression et Troubles de l’Humeur Bibliographie : Cannabinoïdes et PTSD Bibliographie : Cannabinoïdes et TSA/TED/psychoses infantiles Bibliographie : Cannabinoïdes et Maladies Neurodégénératives

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A tale of two cannabinoids : The therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol, Ethan Russo & Geoffrey W. Guy, 2006

A tale of two cannabinoids : The therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol Ethan Russo & Geoffrey W. Guy Medical Hypotheses, 2006, 66, 234–246 doi : 10.1016/j.mehy.2005.08.026 Summary This study examines the current knowledge of physiological and clinical effects of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) and presents a rationale for their combination in pharmaceutical preparations. Cannabinoid and vanilloid receptor effects as well as non-receptor mechanisms are explored, such as the capability of THC and CBD to act as anti-inflammatory substances independent of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) inhibition. CBD is demonstrated to antagonise some undesirable effects of THC including intoxication, sedation and tachycardia, while contributing analgesic, anti-emetic, [...]

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A behavioural comparison of acute and chronic D9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in C57BL/6JArc mice, Leonora E. Long et al., 2010

A behavioural comparison of acute and chronic D9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in C57BL/6JArc mice Leonora E. Long, Rose Chesworth, Xu-Feng Huang, Iain S. McGregor, Jonathon C. Arnold and Tim Karl International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology, 2010, 13, 861–876. doi : 10.1017/S1461145709990605   Abstract Cannabis contains over 70 unique compounds and its abuse is linked to an increased risk of developing schizophrenia. The behavioural profiles of the psychotropic cannabis constituent D9 tetrahydro-cannabinol (D9-THC) and the non-psychotomimetic constituent cannabidiol (CBD) were investigated with a battery of behavioural tests relevant to anxiety and positive, negative and cognitive symptoms of schizophrenia. Male adult C57BL/6JArc mice were given 21 daily intraperitoneal injections of vehicle, [...]

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Is CBD Really Non-Psychoactive ?, Jahan Marcu et al., projectCBD.org, 2016

Is CBD Really Non-Psychoactive ?  Jahan Marcu, Ph.D., Ali S. Matthews, and Martin A. Lee On May 17, 2016 https://www.projectcbd.org/science/cbd-really-non-psychoactive   Data shows that CBD interacts directly with the CB1 cannabinoid receptor in therapeutically relevant ways while modulating THC's psychoactive effects. Cannabidiol and the CB1 Receptor   Understanding how cannabidiol (CBD) exerts its myriad effects on human physiology is a work in progress. Thus far, scientists have identified more than 60 different molecular pathways through which CBD operates. It is known, for example, that CBD acts through multiple receptor-independent channels and it also binds to various receptors in the brain, including serotonin 5HT1A (which contributes to CBD’s [...]

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CBD & the Psychedelic Receptor, Lex Pelger, projectCBD.org, 2019

CBD & the Psychedelic Receptor Lex Pelger On March 11, 2018 (Updated on April 16, 2019) https://www.projectcbd.org/science/cbd-psychedelic-receptor CBD and LSD bind to the same serotonin receptor, which mediates psychedelic altered states. But cannabidiol has anti-psychotic properties and doesn't cause hallucinations. In a shorthand that drives scientists mad, serotonin is often called ‘the neurotransmitter of happiness.’ This tag is especially troublesome as more and more flaws become apparent in the ‘serotonin hypothesis’ of depression – the idea that depression is caused by a serotonin deficit, which a pill (a serotonin reuptake inhibitor) could correct.1  Serotonin is a complex molecule in the brain and the [...]

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The Role of Cannabis within an Emerging Perspective on Schizophrenia, Jegason P. Diviant et al., 2018

The Role of Cannabis within an Emerging Perspective on Schizophrenia Jegason P. Diviant, Jacob M. Vigil, and Sarah S. Stith Medicines, 2018, 5, 86, 1-11. doi : 10.3390/medicines5030086   Abstract Background : Approximately 0.5% of the population is diagnosed with some form of schizophrenia, under the prevailing view that the pathology is best treated using pharmaceutical medications that act on monoamine receptors. Methods : We briefly review evidence on the impact of environmental forces, particularly the effect of autoimmune activity, in the expression of schizophrenic profiles and the role of Cannabis therapy for regulating immunological functioning. Results : A review of the literature shows that phytocannabinoid consumption may [...]

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Gene-environment interaction between an endocannabinoid system genetic polymorphism and cannabis use in first episode of psychosis, Miquel Bioque et al., 2019

Gene-environment interaction between an endocannabinoid system genetic polymorphism and cannabis use in first episode of psychosis Miquel Bioque, Sergi Mas, Maria Cristina Costanzo, Bibiana Cabrera, Antonio Lobo, Ana González-Pinto, Elisa Rodriguez-Toscano, Iluminada Corripio, Eduard Vieta, Immaculada Baeza, Ángela Ibáñez, Miguel Gutiérrez Fraile, Manuel J. Cuesta, Gisela Mezquida, Amalia Lafuente, Miguel Bernardo, PEPs GROUP European Neuropsychopharmacology, 2019, 29, (6), 786-794 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euroneuro.2019.04.005   Abstract Alterations of the endocannabinoid system (ECS) may play an important role in the development of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. Cannabis use is one of the environmental fac- tors more repeatedly related to an increase the risk of developing a psychotic episode, while its [...]

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Could cannabidiol be used as an alternative to antipsychotics ?, Marc Fakhoury, 2016

Could cannabidiol be used as an alternative to antipsychotics ? Marc Fakhoury Journal of Psychiatric Research · May 2016 Doi : 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2016.05.013   Abstract Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that affects close to 1% of the population. Individuals with this disorder often present signs such as hallucination, anxiety, reduced attention, and social withdrawal. Although antipsychotic drugs remain the cornerstone of schizophrenia treatment, they are associated with severe side effects. Recently, the endocannabinoid system (ECS) has emerged as a potential therapeutic target for pharmacotherapy that is involved in a wide range of disorders, including schizophrenia. Since its discovery, a lot of effort has been devoted to the [...]

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Bibliographie : Cannabis et Cannabinoides en Psychiatrie, Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, novembre 2019

Bibliographie : Cannabis et Cannabinoides en Psychiatrie Docteur Christian Sueur, GRECC, décembre 2019.   Cannabinoïdes et Anxiété Cannabinoïdes et psychose Cannabinoïdes et dépression Cannabis et addiction   2e version, décembre 2019....   Cannabinoides et PTSD : cf la Bibliographie : Cannabinoïdes et PTSD https://www.grecc.org/publications/bibliographies/bibliographie-cannabinoides-et-ptsd-docteur-christian-sueur-grecc-2019/ Substances psychédéliques et Addictions : cf Bibliographie : Substances psychédéliques et  et traitements des Addictions https://www.grecc.org/publications/bibliographies/bibliographie-substances-psychedeliques-et-cannabinoides-et-traitement-des-addictions-dr-christian-sueur-grecc-octobre-2019/

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In Vivo Availability of Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Levels in Patients With First-Episode Psychosis, Faith Borgan et al., 2019

In Vivo Availability of Cannabinoid 1 Receptor Levels in Patients With First-Episode Psychosis Faith Borgan, Heikki Laurikainen, Mattia Veronese, Tiago Reis Marques, Merja Haaparanta-Solin, Olof Solin, Tarik Dahoun, Maria Rogdaki, Raimo KR Salokangas, Max Karukivi, Marta Di Forti, Federico Turkheimer, Jarmo Hietala, Oliver Howes for the METSY Group JAMA Psychiatry, 2019. doi : 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.1427   IMPORTANCE Experimental and epidemiological studies implicate the cannabinoid 1 receptor (CB1R) in the pathophysiology of psychosis. However, whether CB1R levels are altered in the early stages of psychosis and whether they are linked to cognitive function or symptom severity remain unknown. OBJECTIVE To investigate CB1R availability in first-episode psychosis (FEP) without the [...]

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