Étiquette : adolescents

Marijuana use and coronary artery disease in young adults, Jeremy R. Burt et al., 2020

Marijuana use and coronary artery disease in young adults Jeremy R. Burt, Ali M. Agha, Basel Yacoub, Aryan Zahergivar, Julie Pepe PLoS ONE, 2020, 15, (1), e0228326, 1-8. Doi : 10.1371/journal.pone.0228326   Abstract Background Marijuana is the most popular drug of abuse in the United States. The association between its use and coronary artery disease has not yet been fully elucidated. This study aims to determine the frequency of coronary artery disease among young to middle aged adults presenting with chest pain who currently use marijuana as compared to nonusers. Methods In this retrospective study, 1,420 patients with chest pain or angina equivalent were studied. Only men between 18 [...]

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Longitudinal Changes in Cognition in Young Adult Cannabis Users, Mary Becker et al., 2018

Longitudinal Changes in Cognition in Young Adult Cannabis Users Mary Becker, Paul F. Collins, Ashley Schultz, Snežana Urošević, Brittany Schmaling, and Monica Luciana The Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 2018, 40, (6), 529–543. doi : 10.1080/13803395.2017.1385729   Abstract Introduction : Adolescent cannabis use (CU) is associated with impaired attention, executive function, and verbal learning/memory. These associations are generally observed in cross-sectional studies. Longitudinal studies of cannabis users are lacking. Method : The present study examines associations between CU and cognition over time in chronic daily adolescent-onset CUs, as compared to non-using controls. Both groups completed a neuropsychological battery at study intake and again two years later. Results [...]

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Les troubles cognitifs et psychiatriques liés à la consommation de cannabis, Alain DERVAUX, 2014

Les troubles cognitifs et psychiatriques liés à la consommation de cannabis Alain DERVAUX, Marie-Odile KREBS , Xavier LAQUEILLE Bulletin de l'Académie Nationale de Médecine, 2014, 198, no 3, 559-577, séance du 25 mars 2014   RÉSUMÉ Plusieurs études ont montré que le Δ-9-THC, principal principe actif du cannabis entraînait des troubles de l’attention, de la mémoire et des fonctions exécutives. Ils sont liés à la dose, à la fréquence, à la durée d’exposition et à l’âge de la première consommation. Ils peuvent disparaître après sevrage, mais des anomalies durables s’observent chez les sujets ayant débuté leur consommation avant l’âge de 15 ans. La fréquence de [...]

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Risk of Persistence and Progression of Use of 5 Cannabis Products After Experimentation Among Adolescents, Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, 2020

Risk of Persistence and Progression of Use of 5 Cannabis Products After Experimentation Among Adolescents Jessica L. Barrington-Trimis, PhD; Junhan Cho, PhD; Esthelle Ewusi-Boisvert, BA; Deborah Hasin, PhD; Jennifer B. Unger, PhD; Richard A. Miech, PhD; Adam M. Leventhal, PhD JAMA Network Open, 2020, 3, (1), e1919792. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.19792   Abstract IMPORTANCE : While a diverse array of cannabis products that may appeal to youth is currently available, it is unknown whether the risk of persistent cannabis use and progression to higher frequency of use after experimentation differs among cannabis products. OBJECTIVE : To estimate the comparative relative risk of experimental use of 5 cannabis products [...]

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Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016, Magdalena Cerdá et al., 2019

Association Between Recreational Marijuana Legalization in the United States and Changes in Marijuana Use and Cannabis Use Disorder From 2008 to 2016 Magdalena Cerdá, DrPH; Christine Mauro, PhD; Ava Hamilton, BA; Natalie S. Levy, MPH; Julián Santaella-Tenorio, DrPH; Deborah Hasin, PhD; Melanie M.Wall, PhD; Katherine M. Keyes, PhD; Silvia S. Martins, MD, PhD JAMA Psychiatry, 2019. doi : 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2019.3254   IMPORTANCE : Little is known about changes in marijuana use and cannabis use disorder (CUD) after recreational marijuana legalization (RML). OBJECTIVES : To examine the associations between RML enactment and changes in marijuana use, frequent use, and CUD in the United States from 2008 to 2016. DESIGN, SETTING, AND [...]

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Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings, Yann Chye et al., 2019

Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings Yann Chye, Erynn Christensen & Murat Yücel Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 2019 Doi : 10.1080/15504263.2019.1636171   ABSTRACT Objective : Shifting policies and widespread acceptance of cannabis for medical and/or recreational purposes have fueled worries of increased cannabis initiation and use in adolescents. In particular, the adolescent period is thought to be associated with an increased susceptibility to the potential harms of repeated cannabis use, due to being a critical period for neuromaturational events in the brain. This review investigates the neuroimaging evidence of brain harms attributable to adolescent cannabis use. Methods : PubMed and Scopus searches were [...]

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Cannabis use and later life outcomes, David M. Fergusson & Joseph M. Boden, 2008

Cannabis use and later life outcomes David M. Fergusson & Joseph M. Boden Addiction, 2008, 103, 969–976 doi : 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02221.x   ABSTRACT Aim : To examine the associations between the extent of cannabis use during adolescence and young adult-hood and later education, economic, employment, relationship satisfaction and life satisfaction outcomes. Design A longitudinal study of a New Zealand birth cohort studied to age 25 years. Measurements : Measures of : cannabis use at ages 14–25; university degree attainment to age 25; income at age 25; welfare dependence during the period 21–25 years; unemployment 21–25 years; relationship quality; life satisfaction. Also, measures of childhood socio-economic disadvantage, family adversity, [...]

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Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse, Bertha K. Madras et al, 2019

Associations of Parental Marijuana Use With Offspring Marijuana, Tobacco, and Alcohol Use and Opioid Misuse Bertha K. Madras, Beth Han, Wilson M. Compton, Christopher M. Jones, Elizabeth I. Lopez, Elinore F. McCance-Katz JAMA Network Open, 2019, 2, (11), e1916015. doi : 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.16015   Abstract IMPORTANCE : Marijuana use is increasing among adults and often co-occurs with other substance use; therefore, it is important to examine whether parental marijuana use is associated with elevated risk of substance use among offspring living in the same household. OBJECTIVE : To examine associations of parental marijuana use with offspring marijuana, tobacco, and alcohol use and opioid misuse. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS : [...]

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Adolescent Cannabis Use : What is the Evidence for Functional Brain Alteration ?, V. Lorenzetti et al., 2016

Adolescent Cannabis Use : What is the Evidence for Functional Brain Alteration ? V. Lorenzetti, S. Alonso-Lanaa, G. J. Youssef, A. Verdejo-Garcia, C. Suo, J. Cousijn, M. Takagi, M. Yücel and N. Solowij Current Pharmaceutical Design, 2016, 22, 1-14. DOI: 10.2174/1381612822666160805155922   Abstract Background : Cannabis use typically commences during adolescence, a period during which the brain undergoes profound remodeling in areas that are high in cannabinoid receptors and that mediate cognitive control and emotion regulation. It is therefore important to determine the impact of adolescent cannabis use on brain function. Objective : We investigate the impact of adolescent cannabis use on brain function by reviewing the functional [...]

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