Étiquette : addiction

Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Weighing the Benefits and Risks in Psychiatric Patients, Diana M. Martinez, MD Medscape .com, 2020

Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Weighing the Benefits and Risks in Psychiatric Patients Diana M. Martinez, MD Medscape .com, December 18, 2020 This transcript has been edited for clarity. Hello. I'm Diana Martinez. I'm a psychiatrist at the Columbia University Medical Center in the Department of Psychiatry. Today we'll be talking about the interaction between cannabis and psychiatric disorders. When I say "cannabis," this is really the same as marijuana. I use the term "cannabis" because this is a scientific term for the plant. I'm going to start with a brief history of cannabis. It’s been used for centuries in India as both an intoxicant and a [...]

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Synthetic and Non-synthetic Cannabinoid Drugs and Their Adverse Effects-A Review From Public Health Prospective, Koby Cohen and Aviv M. Weinstein, 2018

Synthetic and Non-synthetic Cannabinoid Drugs and Their Adverse Effects-A Review From Public Health Prospective Koby Cohen and Aviv M. Weinstein Frontiers in Public Health, 2018, Volume 6 | Article 162 doi : 10.3389/fpubh.2018.00162 There is a growing use of novel psychoactive substances containing synthetic cannabinoids. Synthetic cannabinoid products have effects similar to those of natural cannabis, yet, these drugs are more potent and dangerous, and have been associated with dangerous adverse effects. Here, we review current literature on the epidemiology, acute, and chronic effects of synthetic and natural cannabinoid-based drugs. Synthetic drugs contain a mixture of psychoactive compounds that mostly bind cannabinoid receptors with [...]

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Covid-19 : isolement et conditions de travail favorisent les conduites addictive, MILDECA, Flash info, 19/11/2020

Flash info 19/11/2020 MILDECA Covid-19 : isolement et conditions de travail favorisent les conduites addictives Depuis le premier confinement instauré en mars dernier, l’isolement au travail, l’augmentation des objectifs en matière de performance ainsi que la charge de travail ont joué un rôle dans l’augmentation des consommations de substances psychoactives. C’est ce que montre l’enquête publiée ce jour par la MILDECA et ses partenaires. Pour documenter l’évolution des consommations de substances psychoactives et les conditions de travail en période d’épidémie de Covid-19, la MILDECA et ses partenaires - ANSES, Anact, INRS, OFDT, Santé Publique France et le COCT * - ont commandité une enquête [...]

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Role of the endogenous cannabinoid system in nicotine addiction : novel insights, Islam Hany Gamaleddin et al., 2015

Role of the endogenous cannabinoid system in nicotine addiction : novel insights Islam Hany Gamaleddin, Jose M.Trigo, Aliou B. Gueye, Alexander Zvonok, Alexandros Makriyannis, Steven R. Goldberg and Bernard Le Foll Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2015, Vol 6, Article 41, 1-12. doi : 10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00041 Several lines of evidence have shown that the endogenous cannabinoids are implicated in several neuropsychiatric diseases. Notably, preclinical and human clinical studies have shown a pivotal role of the cannabinoid system in nicotine addiction. The CB1 receptor inverse agonist/antagonist rimonabant (also known as SR141716)was effective to decrease nicotine-taking and nicotine-seeking in rodents, as well as the elevation of dopamine induced by [...]

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The role of cannabinoid transmission in emotional memory formation : implications for addiction and schizophrenia, Huibing Tan et al., 2014

The role of cannabinoid transmission in emotional memory formation: implications for addiction and schizophrenia Huibing Tan, Tasha Ahmad, Michael Loureiro, Jordan Zunder and Steven R. Laviolette Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2014,Vol 5, Article 73, 1-12 doi : 10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00073   Emerging evidence from both basic and clinical research demonstrates an important role for endo-cannabinoid (ECB) signaling in the processing of emotionally salient information, learning, and memory. Cannabinoid transmission within neural circuits involved in emotional processing has been shown to modulate the acquisition, recall, and extinction of emotionally salient memories and importantly, can strongly modulate the emotional salience of incoming sensory information. Two neural regions in particular, the [...]

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Cannabis « médical » contre cannabis « récréatif » : une vision trop simpliste, Nicolas Authier, The Conversation, 22 janvier 2020

Cannabis « médical » contre cannabis « récréatif » : une vision trop simpliste Nicolas Authier, The Conversation, 22 janvier 2020 https://theconversation.com/cannabis-medical-contre-cannabis-recreatif-une-vision-trop-simpliste-129090   Ponctuel ou régulier, seul ou en groupe, pour soulager une souffrance ou chercher une convivialité… L’usage du cannabis diffère selon que sa finalité est médicale ou non médicale. En France, l’usage médical du cannabis, sous forme de médicament, est autorisé depuis 2013, sous forme de spécialités pharmaceutiques. Cet usage médical est généralement opposé à l’usage dit « récréatif ». Cependant, si cette description simplifiée facilite les questions de réglementation, elle ne permet pas, du point de vue de la santé publique, de proposer [...]

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Cannabis Misconceptions Still Common Among MS Clinicians, Nancy Melville, Medscape.com, 2020

Cannabis Misconceptions Still Common Among MS Clinicians Nancy Melville June 05, 2020 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/931872?nlid=135873_425&src=WNL_mdplsfeat_200609_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2413707&faf=1   Despite the ever-increasing acceptance of medical cannabis and its notably common use in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), clinicians treating those patients still may be poorly informed about risks, benefits, regulations, and proper uses, experts say. "There is evidence of a 'clinical void,' with clinicians on one side and people with MS and other conditions on the other that doesn't usually exist regarding therapies that people with MS are using," said Allen C. Bowling, MD, PhD, director of the NeuroHealth Institute and clinical professor of neurology at the University of Colorado, in Aurora. His [...]

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Cannabis (Marijuana) : Psychoactive Properties, Addiction, Therapeutic Uses, and Toxicity, Sumanasekera W.K. and Spio K., 2016

Cannabis (Marijuana) : Psychoactive Properties, Addiction, Therapeutic Uses, and Toxicity Sumanasekera W.K. and Spio K. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, Therapy and Rehabilitation, 2016, 5, 2, 1-9. Doi : 10.4172/2324-9005.10001562016   Abstract Background and Objectives : To analyze the existing literature on cannabis (marijuana) under several sub topics; history of use, addiction, mechanism of action, therapeutic uses, and adverse effects. Methods : A comprehensive literature search was conducted. Data sources include original research articles, systematic reviews and meta- analysis, and web-based references such as Drug strategy monographs and Merck Index. Data bases such as PubMed and Cinhal was used. References were from 1979 -2016. Hypothesis : Based on the [...]

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Confinement et prise de psychotropes : ce que nous apprend la guerre du Vietnam, Benjamin Rolland et al.,The Conversation, 22 avril 2020,

Confinement et prise de psychotropes : ce que nous apprend la guerre du Vietnam Benjamin ROLLAND, Julia de TERNAY The Conversation, 22 avril 2020 https://theconversation.com/confinement-et-prise-de-psychotropes-ce-que-nous-apprend-la-guerre-du-vietnam-136364   Les situations de confinement tel que ce que nous vivons depuis plus d’un mois déséquilibrent, de manière souvent brutale, les rituels de vie et les relations sociales. Or, les consommations de substances addictives dépendent de l’équilibre dynamique permanent qui existe entre un sujet et son environnement. Beaucoup se demandent donc quel sera l’impact du confinement sur les consommations d’alcool, de tabac, ou d’autres drogues, dans la population française en générale, mais aussi chez les sujets les plus vulnérables, qui ont, [...]

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Confinement et cannabis, cachez cette addiction que le gouvernement ne saurait voir, Jean-Yves Nau, Slate.fr, 2 avril 2020

Confinement et cannabis, cachez cette addiction que le gouvernement ne saurait voir Jean-Yves Nau — 2 avril 2020 à 7h00 http://www.slate.fr/story/189123/addictions-cannabis-confinement-coronavirus-deni-consequences-dependance Tabac, alcool et produits de vapotage n'ont heureusement pas été interdits. Mais il va falloir compter avec les multiples conséquences de la pénurie en cannabis. «Une dépendance grave à une substance licite vaut toujours mieux qu'une dépendance de moindre gravité à une substance interdite», déplore le Dr William Lowenstein, président de SOS Addictions. | realworkhard, ponce_photography et gjbmiller via Pixabay Il croyait très bien faire. Lundi 23 mars, Ziad Khoury, préfet de l'Aisne, prenait un arrêté interdisant toutes les ventes d'alcool à emporter dans l'ensemble du [...]

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