Étiquette : addiction

Cannabis Misconceptions Still Common Among MS Clinicians, Nancy Melville, Medscape.com, 2020

Cannabis Misconceptions Still Common Among MS Clinicians Nancy Melville June 05, 2020 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/931872?nlid=135873_425&src=WNL_mdplsfeat_200609_mscpedit_psyc&uac=292598PZ&spon=12&impID=2413707&faf=1   Despite the ever-increasing acceptance of medical cannabis and its notably common use in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), clinicians treating those patients still may be poorly informed about risks, benefits, regulations, and proper uses, experts say. "There is evidence of a 'clinical void,' with clinicians on one side and people with MS and other conditions on the other that doesn't usually exist regarding therapies that people with MS are using," said Allen C. Bowling, MD, PhD, director of the NeuroHealth Institute and clinical professor of neurology at the University of Colorado, in Aurora. His [...]

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Cannabis (Marijuana) : Psychoactive Properties, Addiction, Therapeutic Uses, and Toxicity, Sumanasekera W.K. and Spio K., 2016

Cannabis (Marijuana) : Psychoactive Properties, Addiction, Therapeutic Uses, and Toxicity Sumanasekera W.K. and Spio K. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, Therapy and Rehabilitation, 2016, 5, 2, 1-9. Doi : 10.4172/2324-9005.10001562016   Abstract Background and Objectives : To analyze the existing literature on cannabis (marijuana) under several sub topics; history of use, addiction, mechanism of action, therapeutic uses, and adverse effects. Methods : A comprehensive literature search was conducted. Data sources include original research articles, systematic reviews and meta- analysis, and web-based references such as Drug strategy monographs and Merck Index. Data bases such as PubMed and Cinhal was used. References were from 1979 -2016. Hypothesis : Based on the [...]

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Confinement et prise de psychotropes : ce que nous apprend la guerre du Vietnam, Benjamin Rolland et al.,The Conversation, 22 avril 2020,

Confinement et prise de psychotropes : ce que nous apprend la guerre du Vietnam Benjamin ROLLAND, Julia de TERNAY The Conversation, 22 avril 2020 https://theconversation.com/confinement-et-prise-de-psychotropes-ce-que-nous-apprend-la-guerre-du-vietnam-136364   Les situations de confinement tel que ce que nous vivons depuis plus d’un mois déséquilibrent, de manière souvent brutale, les rituels de vie et les relations sociales. Or, les consommations de substances addictives dépendent de l’équilibre dynamique permanent qui existe entre un sujet et son environnement. Beaucoup se demandent donc quel sera l’impact du confinement sur les consommations d’alcool, de tabac, ou d’autres drogues, dans la population française en générale, mais aussi chez les sujets les plus vulnérables, qui ont, [...]

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Confinement et cannabis, cachez cette addiction que le gouvernement ne saurait voir, Jean-Yves Nau, Slate.fr, 2 avril 2020

Confinement et cannabis, cachez cette addiction que le gouvernement ne saurait voir Jean-Yves Nau — 2 avril 2020 à 7h00 http://www.slate.fr/story/189123/addictions-cannabis-confinement-coronavirus-deni-consequences-dependance Tabac, alcool et produits de vapotage n'ont heureusement pas été interdits. Mais il va falloir compter avec les multiples conséquences de la pénurie en cannabis. «Une dépendance grave à une substance licite vaut toujours mieux qu'une dépendance de moindre gravité à une substance interdite», déplore le Dr William Lowenstein, président de SOS Addictions. | realworkhard, ponce_photography et gjbmiller via Pixabay Il croyait très bien faire. Lundi 23 mars, Ziad Khoury, préfet de l'Aisne, prenait un arrêté interdisant toutes les ventes d'alcool à emporter dans l'ensemble du [...]

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Addiction au cannabis, confinement et détention, Jean Michel Delile et al., Fédération Addiction, mars 2020

Addiction au cannabis, confinement et détention Jean Michel Delile, David Saint Vincent, Laurent Michel, Patrick Veteau Fédération Addiction, mars 2020 Cannabis et dépendance Longtemps, beaucoup ont pensé que le cannabis n’était pas une drogue (dangereuse), ou alors seulement une drogue « douce », au sens où il n’entrainait pas de syndrome physique de manque, à la différence de l’alcool, des opiacés ou des benzodiazépines… Il a fallu beaucoup de temps aux usagers et aux médecins pour réaliser que l’évidence de la souffrance des patients démontrait que la clef de l’addiction en tant que trouble était plus dans le désir/besoin irrépressible de consommer que dans [...]

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Addiction, précarité et confinement : Ne laissons pas de failles dans la protection commune…, Fédération Addiction, 19/03/2020

Addiction, précarité et confinement : Ne laissons pas de failles dans la protection commune… publié le 19/03/2020  |  Imprimer Communiqué du 19 mars 2020 La mise en place du confinement pour ralentir la diffusion du COVID-19 a fortement mobilisée les équipes d’addictologie et de réduction des risques. Il s’agit d’éviter autant que possible de charger encore plus l’activité des urgences, des services hospitaliers et d’une médecine et pharmacie de ville déjà en surchauffe, en réduisant la transmission virale chez des personnes présentant toutes des troubles chroniques et qui seront donc autant de situations sévères en cas de contamination.  Nos actions convergent [...]

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Psychedelics for Mental Illness: The Evidence to Date, Todd Murphy, 2020

Psychedelics for Mental Illness: The Evidence to Date Todd Murphy Medscape, 12 March, 2020. https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/926694_print Psychedelic drugs show real promise as treatment for psychiatric illnesses, particularly posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as depression and anxiety, new research suggests. A literature review showed completed clinical trials support the efficacy of 3, 4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), commonly known by its street name of Ecstasy, to treat chronic PTSD. The review also confirmed that psilocybin, a compound contained in some species of mushrooms, significantly helped in the treatment of depression and cancer-related anxiety. Other promising, though more preliminary, results suggests that the hallucinogenic drug LSD (lysergic acid diethylamide) and a plant-based brew [...]

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Therapeutic Use of LSD in Psychiatry : A Systematic Review of Randomized- Controlled Clinical Trials, Juan Jose Fuentes et al., 2020

Therapeutic Use of LSD in Psychiatry : A Systematic Review of Randomized-Controlled Clinical Trials Juan José Fuentes, Francina Fonseca, Matilde Elices, Magí Farré and Marta Torrens Frontiers in Psychiatry, 2020, Vol 10, Article 943. doi : 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00943   Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was studied from the 1950s to the 1970s to evaluate behavioral and personality changes, as well as remission of psychiatric symptoms in various disorders. LSD was used in the treatment of anxiety, depression, psychosomatic diseases and addiction. However, most of the studies were not performed under contemporary standards, and it has taken several decades for a resurgence of interest in LSD research and [...]

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Acute and chronic effects of cannabinoids on effort-related decision-making and reward learning: an evaluation of the cannabis ‘amotivational’ hypotheses, Will Lawn et al., 2016

Acute and chronic effects of cannabinoids on effort-related decision-making and reward learning: an evaluation of the cannabis ‘amotivational’ hypotheses Will Lawn, Tom P. Freeman, Rebecca A. Pope, Alyssa Joye, Lisa Harvey, Chandni Hindocha, Claire Mokrysz, Abigail Moss, Matthew B. Wall, Michael A.P. Bloomfield, Ravi K. Das, Celia J.A. Morgan, David J. Nutt, H. Valerie Curran Psychopharmacology, 2016, 233, 3537–3552 Doi : 10.1007/s00213-016-4383-x   Abstract Rationale : Anecdotally, both acute and chronic cannabis use have been associated with apathy, amotivation, and other reward processing deficits. To date, empirical support for these effects is limited, and no previous studies have assessed both acute effects of Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and [...]

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Harmful Effects of Smoking Cannabis : A Cerebrovascular and Neurological Perspective, Sabrina Rahman Archie et al., 2019

Harmful Effects of Smoking Cannabis : A Cerebrovascular and Neurological Perspective Sabrina Rahman Archie and Luca Cucullo Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2019, 10, Article 1481. doi : 10.3389/fphar.2019.01481   Apart from being used as a medicine, cannabis or marijuana is the most widely abused recreational drug all over the world. The legalization and decriminalization of cannabis in Canada and various states of USA may be the underlying reason of the widespread popularity of it among young population. Various studies have reported about the relationship between cannabis use and different detrimental effects like cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and neurological complications among different age groups. Specifically, the young population is [...]

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