Étiquette : addiction

Acute and chronic effects of cannabinoids on effort-related decision-making and reward learning: an evaluation of the cannabis ‘amotivational’ hypotheses, Will Lawn et al., 2016

Acute and chronic effects of cannabinoids on effort-related decision-making and reward learning: an evaluation of the cannabis ‘amotivational’ hypotheses Will Lawn, Tom P. Freeman, Rebecca A. Pope, Alyssa Joye, Lisa Harvey, Chandni Hindocha, Claire Mokrysz, Abigail Moss, Matthew B. Wall, Michael A.P. Bloomfield, Ravi K. Das, Celia J.A. Morgan, David J. Nutt, H. Valerie Curran Psychopharmacology, 2016, 233, 3537–3552 Doi : 10.1007/s00213-016-4383-x   Abstract Rationale : Anecdotally, both acute and chronic cannabis use have been associated with apathy, amotivation, and other reward processing deficits. To date, empirical support for these effects is limited, and no previous studies have assessed both acute effects of Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and [...]

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Harmful Effects of Smoking Cannabis : A Cerebrovascular and Neurological Perspective, Sabrina Rahman Archie et al., 2019

Harmful Effects of Smoking Cannabis : A Cerebrovascular and Neurological Perspective Sabrina Rahman Archie and Luca Cucullo Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2019, 10, Article 1481. doi : 10.3389/fphar.2019.01481   Apart from being used as a medicine, cannabis or marijuana is the most widely abused recreational drug all over the world. The legalization and decriminalization of cannabis in Canada and various states of USA may be the underlying reason of the widespread popularity of it among young population. Various studies have reported about the relationship between cannabis use and different detrimental effects like cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and neurological complications among different age groups. Specifically, the young population is [...]

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Ketamine Promising in Cocaine Addiction, Batya Swift Yasgur, 2019

Ketamine Promising in Cocaine Addiction Batya Swift Yasgur, MA, LSW Medscape.com, July 05, 2019 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/915260_print   A single ketamine infusion combined with mindfulness-based relapse prevention therapy (MBRP) improves abstinence and cuts cravings in cocaine-dependent adults, new research suggests. Results of a randomized control trial show that rates of abstinence were significiantly higher in patients who received ketamine plus MBRP compared to control patients. Moreover, those in the group that received ketamine were significantly less likely to experience relapse compared to control persons, and cravings were also significantly lower in the ketamine group throughout the trial. "In individuals receiving MBRP, a single ketamine infusion led to significantly greater odds [...]

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Le cannabidiol, un agent thérapeutique prometteur ?, Benjamin Rolland et al., 2019

Le cannabidiol, un agent thérapeutique prometteur ? Benjamin Rolland , Mathieu Chappuy, Patrizia Carrieri SWAPS, 3e et 4e trimestre 2019, n° 92-93, , 5-6.   Deuxième cannabinoïde le plus étudié après le THC, sans effet psychoactif, le cannabidiol dispose de propriétés thérapeutiques intéressantes, notamment en psychiatrie. Le point sur les recherches La grande famille des cannabinoïdes Les cannabinoïdes sont un ensemble de substances capables d’activer les récepteurs du même nom (« récepteurs cannabinoïdes »). Il existe deux grandes familles de récepteurs cannabinoïdes, CB1 et CB2. Dans le système nerveux central, c’est surtout CB1 qui est exprimé, alors que CB2 est principalement présent dans le système immunitaire. [...]

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Single Shot of Ketamine May Herald ‘Last Call’ for Problem Drinking, Deborah Brauser, 2019

Single Shot of Ketamine May Herald 'Last Call' for Problem Drinking Deborah Brauser Medscape, December 11, 2019 Medscape Medical News © 2019 https://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/922460?src=wnl_tp10n_200116_mscpedit&uac=292598PZ&impID=2238619&faf=1   An experimental treatment that includes a single infusion of ketamine may lead to long-term improvement in problem drinking, new research suggests. In an study of 90 heavy drinkers, those who received a single dose of intravenous (IV) ketamine plus cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) that focused on reactivating drinking-related "maladaptive reward memories" (MRMs) significantly curbed the urge to drink and reduced alcohol intake  compared with those who received the ketamine alone or a placebo infusion. In addition, the combination group reduced their average weekly alcohol consumption by [...]

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Psychedelics & Cannabis Therapeutics, Martin A. LEE, ProjectCBD.org, 2019

Psychedelics & Cannabis Therapeutics Martin A. Lee  April 17, 2019 https://www.projectcbd.org/culture/psychedelics-cannabis-therapeutics High doses of THC are hallucinogenic, and microdosing LSD is a lot like CBD. These mighty molecules can relieve human suffering and they act through the endocannabinoid system. Although it may not be obvious during these Trump-rattled times, we’re in the midst of a psychedelic revival. There is more interest than ever before in experimenting with LSD, magic mushrooms, ayahuasca, ketamine, and other psychedelic drugs. This renaissance is happening without all the fanfare of the day-glo Sixties, when lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) escaped from the laboratory and assumed the lead role in an improbable [...]

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Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings, Yann Chye et al., 2019

Cannabis Use in Adolescence : A Review of Neuroimaging Findings Yann Chye, Erynn Christensen & Murat Yücel Journal of Dual Diagnosis, 2019 Doi : 10.1080/15504263.2019.1636171   ABSTRACT Objective : Shifting policies and widespread acceptance of cannabis for medical and/or recreational purposes have fueled worries of increased cannabis initiation and use in adolescents. In particular, the adolescent period is thought to be associated with an increased susceptibility to the potential harms of repeated cannabis use, due to being a critical period for neuromaturational events in the brain. This review investigates the neuroimaging evidence of brain harms attributable to adolescent cannabis use. Methods : PubMed and Scopus searches were [...]

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Medical cannabis and mental health : A guided systematic review, Zach Walsh et al., 2017

Medical cannabis and mental health : A guided systematic review, Zach Walsh, Raul Gonzalez, Kim Crosby, Michelle S. Thiessen, Chris Carroll, Marcel O. Bonn-Miller Clinical Psychology Review, 2017, 51, 15-29. Doi : 10.1016/j.cpr.2016.10.002   a b s t r a c t This review considers the potential influences of the use of cannabis for therapeutic purposes (CTP) on areas of interest to mental health professionals, with foci on adult psychopathology and assessment. We identified 31 articles relating to the use of CTP and mental health, and 29 review articles on cannabis use and mental health that did not focus on use for therapeutic purposes. Results reflect the [...]

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Neuroanatomical alterations in people with high and low cannabis dependence, Valentina Lorenzetti et al., 2019

Neuroanatomical alterations in people with high and low cannabis dependence Valentina Lorenzetti, Yann Chye, Chao Suo, Mark Walterfang, Dan I Lubman, Michael Takagi, Sarah Whittle, Antonio Verdejo-Garcia, Janna Cousijn, Christos Pantelis, Marc Seal, Alex Fornito, Murat Yücel and Nadia Solowij Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 2019, 1–8 https://doi.org/10.1177/0004867419859077   Abstract Objectives : We aimed to investigate whether severity of cannabis dependence is associated with the neuroanatomy of key brain regions of the stress and reward brain circuits. Methods : To examine dependence-specific regional brain alterations, we compared the volumes of regions relevant to reward and stress, between high-dependence cannabis users (CD+, n = 25), low [...]

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Transdermal Delivery of Cannabidiol Attenuates Binge Alcohol- Induced Neurodegeneration in a Rodent Model of an Alcohol Use Disorder, Daniel J. Liput et al., 2013

Transdermal Delivery of Cannabidiol Attenuates Binge Alcohol- Induced Neurodegeneration in a Rodent Model of an Alcohol Use Disorder Daniel J. Liput, Dana C. Hammell, Audra L. Stinchcomb, and Kimberly Nixon Pharmacology, Biochemistry and  Behavior, 2013, 111, 120–127. doi : 10.1016/j.pbb.2013.08.013   Abstract Excessive alcohol consumption, characteristic of alcohol use disorders, results in neurodegeneration and behavioral and cognitive impairments that are hypothesized to contribute to the chronic and relapsing nature of alcoholism. Therefore, the current study aimed to advance the preclinical development of transdermal delivery of cannabidiol (CBD) for the treatment of alcohol-induced neurodegeneration. In experiment 1, 1.0%, 2.5% and 5.0% CBD gels were evaluated for neuroprotection. [...]

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