Catégorie : Cannabidiol

Evidences for the Anti-panic Actions of Cannabidiol, Vanessa P. Soares and Alline C. Campos, 2017

Evidences for the Anti-panic Actions of Cannabidiol Vanessa P. Soares and Alline C. Campos Current Neuropharmacology, 2017, 15, 291-299 DOI : 10.2174/1570159X14666160509123955   Abstract : Background : Panic disorder (PD) is a disabling psychiatry condition that affects approximately 5% of the worldwide population. Currently, long-term selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the first-line treatment for PD; however, the common side-effect profiles and drug interactions may provoke patients to abandon the treatment, leading to PD symptoms relapse. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the major non-psychotomimetic constituent of the Cannabis sativa plant with antianxiety properties that has been suggested as an alternative for treating anxiety disorders. The aim of the [...]

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Neuroprotective effect of cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive component from Cannabis sativa, on b-amyloid-induced toxicity in PC12 cells, Teresa Iuvone et al., 2004

Neuroprotective effect of cannabidiol, a non-psychoactive component from Cannabis sativa, on b-amyloid-induced toxicity in PC12 cells Teresa Iuvone, Giuseppe Esposito, Ramona Esposito, Rita Santamaria, Massimo Di Rosa and Angelo A. Izzo Journal of Neurochemistry, 2004, 89, 134–141 doi:10.1111/j.1471-4159.2003   Abstract Alzheimer’s disease is widely held to be associated with oxidative stress due, in part, to the membrane action of b-amyloid peptide aggregates. Here, we studied the effect of cannabidiol, a major non-psychoactive component of the marijuana plant (Cannabis sativa) on b-amyloid peptide-induced toxicity in cultured rat pheocromocytoma PC12 cells. Following exposure of cells to b-amyloid peptide (1 lg/mL), a marked reduction in cell survival was observed. This effect [...]

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The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids : D9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and D9-tetrahydrocannabivarin, R.G. Pertwee, 2008

The diverse CB1 and CB2 receptor pharmacology of three plant cannabinoids : D9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol and D9-tetrahydrocannabivarin Roger G. Pertwee British Journal of Pharmacology, 2008, 153, 199–215 doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0707442   Cannabis sativa is the source of a unique set of compounds known collectively as plant cannabinoids or phytocannabinoids. This review focuses on the manner with which three of these compounds, (-)-trans-D9-tetrahydrocannabinol (D9-THC), (-)- cannabidiol (CBD) and (-)-trans-D9-tetrahydrocannabivarin (D9-THCV), interact with cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors. D9-THC, the main psychotropic constituent of cannabis, is a CB1 and CB2 receptor partial agonist and in line with classical pharmacology, the responses it elicits appear to be strongly influenced both by [...]

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Improved Social Interaction, Recognition and Working Memory with Cannabidiol Treatment in a Prenatal Infection (poly I:C) Rat Model, Ashleigh L. Osborne, 2017

Improved Social Interaction, Recognition and Working Memory with Cannabidiol Treatment in a Prenatal Infection (poly I:C) Rat Model Ashleigh L. Osborne, Nadia Solowij, Ilijana Babic, Xu-Feng Huang and Katrina Weston-Green Neuropsychopharmacology, 2017, 42, 1447–1457 0893-133X/17 www.neuropsychopharmacology.org doi:10.1038/npp.2017.40 Neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia are associated with cognitive impairment, including learning, memory and attention deficits. Antipsychotic drugs are limited in their efficacy to improve cognition; therefore, new therapeutic agents are required. Cannabidiol (CBD), the non-intoxicating component of cannabis, has anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective and antipsychotic-like properties; however, its ability to improve the cognitive deficits of schizophrenia remains unclear. Using a prenatal infection model, we examined the effect of chronic CBD [...]

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Purified Cannabidiol, the main non-psychotropic component of Cannabis sativa, alone, counteracts neuronal apoptosis in experimental multiple sclerosis, S. GIACOPPO, 2015

Purified Cannabidiol, the main non-psychotropic component of Cannabis sativa, alone, counteracts neuronal apoptosis in experimental multiple sclerosis S. GIACOPPO, T. SOUNDARA RAJAN, M. GALUPPO, F. POLLASTRO, G. GRASSI, P. BRAMANTI, E. MAZZON European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences, 2015, 19, 4906-4919. Abstract. – OBJECTIVE : Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a global concern disease leading to a progressive, chronic and demyelinating condition, affecting the central nervous system (CNS). The pathology has an inflammatory/autoimmune origin; nevertheless, neuronal cell death mechanisms are not to be underestimated. The present study was designed to test the effects of intraperitoneal administration of cannabidiol (CBD), the main non-psychotropic cannabinoid of [...]

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Cannabidiol (CBD) as an Adjunctive Therapy in Schizophrenia : A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial, Philip McGuire et al., 2018

Cannabidiol (CBD) as an Adjunctive Therapy in Schizophrenia : A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial Philip McGuire, F.R.C.Psych., F.Med.Sci., Philip Robson, M.R.C.P., F.R.C.Psych., Wieslaw Jerzy Cubala, M.D., Ph.D., Daniel Vasile, M.D., Ph.D., Paul Dugald Morrison, Ph.D., M.R.C.Psych., Rachel Barron, B.Vet.Med., M.R.C.V.S., Adam Taylor, Ph.D., Stephen Wright, F.R.C.P.(Edin), F.F.P.M. American Journal of Psychiatry, 2018, 175, 225–231. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2017.17030325   Objective : Research in both animals and humans indicates that cannabidiol (CBD) has antipsychotic properties. The authors assessed the safety and effectiveness of CBD in patients with schizophrenia. Method : In an exploratory double-blind parallel-group trial, patients with schizophrenia were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive CBD (1000 [...]

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Cannabidiol as a Potential New Type of an Antipsychotic. A Critical Review of the Evidence, Cathrin Rohleder et al., 2016

Cannabidiol as a Potential New Type of an Antipsychotic. A Critical Review of the Evidence Cathrin Rohleder, Juliane K. Müller, Bettina Lange and F. M. Leweke Frontiers in Pharmacology, 2016, Volume 7, Article 422. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2016.00422   There is urgent need for the development of mechanistically different and less side-effect prone antipsychotic compounds. The endocannabinoid system has been suggested to represent a potential new target in this indication. While the chronic use of cannabis itself has been considered a risk factor contributing to the development of schizophrenia, triggered by the phytocannabinoid delta-9-tetra-hydro-cannabinol (19-THC), cannabidiol, the second most important phytocannabinoid, appears to have no psychotomimetic potential. [...]

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Therapeutic Potential of Cannabinoids in Psychosis, Leweke F.M. et al., 2016

Therapeutic Potential of Cannabinoids in Psychosis. Leweke F.M., Mueller J.K., Lange B., Rohleder C. Biological Psychiatry, 2016, 79, (7) 604-612. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2015.11.018.   Abstract Over recent years, the interest in the endocannabinoid system (ECS) as a new target for the treatment of schizophrenia has evolved. The ECS represents one of the most relevant neurotransmitter systems in the brain and mainly fulfills a homeostatic role in terms of neurotransmission but also with respect to inflammatory processes. Two main approaches to the modulation of endocannabinoid functioning have been chosen so far. First, the selective blockade or inverse agonism of the type 1 cannabinoid receptor has been tested for [...]

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Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Drug Use Disorders, R.G. dos SANTOS, J.E.C. HALLAK, W. ZUARDI, J.A. de SOUZA, 2017

Chapter 97 - Cannabidiol for the Treatment of Drug Use Disorders R.G. dos SANTOS, J.E.C. HALLAK, W. ZUARDI, J.A. de SOUZA in "Handbook of Cannabis and Related Pathologies". "Biology, Pharmacology, Diagnosis, and Treatment", 2017, Pages 939-946 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800756-3.00113-7 Abstract The problematic use of psychoactive substances like alcohol, cannabis, cocaine, amphetamines, heroin, and nicotine carry a series of health, economic, and social costs to individuals and society. Although pharmacological treatments for alcohol, heroin, and nicotine abuse or dependence are available, there is no approved medication for the treatment of cannabis and stimulant dependence. Cannabidiol (CBD), a nonpsychotomimetic cannabinoid present in the cannabis plant, has anxiolytic, antipsychotic, antiepileptic, [...]

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Cannabidiol and Canabis Use Disorder, María S. García-Gutiérrez et al., 2018

Cannabidiol and Canabis Use Disorder María S. García-Gutiérrez, Francisco Navarrete, Adrián Viudez-Martínez, Ani Gasparyan, Esther Caparrós, Jorge Manzanares Chapter, In book : "Cannabis Use Disorders", 2018, pp 31-42 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-90365-1_5 Abstract Cannabis use disorders (CUD) represent a serious public health problem in occidental societies. Despite their devastating social, health, and economic impact, to date no pharmacological treatment has been approved for the clinical management of cannabis dependence. Cannabidiol (CBD), one of the main compounds—together with Δ9-THC—present in the plant Cannabis sativa, has been reported to possess anxiolytic, antidepressant, and antipsychotic-like effects and neuroprotective properties. And, contrary to Δ9-THC, CBD does not appear to have addictive properties. Taken [...]

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